Welcome!

Microservices Expo Authors: Liz McMillan, Jyoti Bansal, Yeshim Deniz, Dan Blacharski, Elizabeth White

Related Topics: Microservices Expo, @CloudExpo, @DevOpsSummit

Microservices Expo: Blog Feed Post

Microservices, Service Registries, and Architectural Debt | @DevOpsSummit #DevOps #Microservices

Microservices is not just a style of application development, it’s a set of design principles

Microservices is not just a style of application development, it’s a set of design principles guiding how applications are composed (or decomposed, as the case may be) with a resulting architectural shift as supporting components are added to the mix. Much in the same way SOA brought us UDDI registries and gateways, microservices is bringing service registries.

Service registries, for the uninitiated, are kind of like the internal DNS of a microservices environment. They’re needed to manage the rapid association and disassociation with IP addresses of the containers in which the microservices are typically (but not always) hosted. The average lifespan of a container is measured in minutes or hours, perhaps a day or two, but rarely weeks, months, and probably never years. That means a state of nearly constant change with respect to the infrastructure supporting those services, like the network and app services.

The service registry is responsible for managing that change; it’s where IP addresses and service instances are matched up and handed out to clients (in a client-side architectural pattern) or load balancers (in a server-side architectural pattern). It’s maintained through automation; manual methods of managing the change would simply be too slow and expensive in an environment where new mappings might occur by the minute, hour, or even on a daily basis.

It is here that we return to the imperative that is managing architectural debt. While you can’t eliminate it any more than you can eliminate the technical debt incurred by choices at the code layer, you can manage and try to minimize it. Careful attention to how these new, supporting components are selected and implemented is critical to that endeavor. Each option (client-side, server-side) brings with it a certain amount of architectural debt that will need to be paid in the future.

Introduction of an external service registry necessarily introduces a dependency that cannot be ignored. With a client-side registry, the client is tightly coupled to the registry. Code in the app is required to maintain that dependency and thus impacts the overall development lifecycle. With both patterns, the application will not be able to function without the service registry. This is because without it there’s no way to properly direct the client to an instance of the microservice for processing. Like DNS, the service registry is the glue that loosely binds clients and the “app”.

Thus additional precautions may be required to ensure availability of the service registry, such as the deployment of a high availability (HA) architecture. Because an HA architecture relies on redundancy, this means there must be at least two service registry instances running. This can further complicate the server-side architecture because both instances must be updated whenever an instance is launched or terminated.architectural debt service registries

This is architectural debt, in which choices made require specific architectures that must be maintained over time and incur operational overhead, and is often difficult to change in the future.  This is increasingly true as app-centric (affine) services like load balancing migrate into the application architecture rather than simply co-existing “nearby” in the network. As these critical services (scale is inarguably critical today) are integrated into operational systems that are code-driven, automated, and orchestrated they become as vulnerable to incurring debt as any other code-bound counterpart. Simply shifting from an external server-side service registry to the use of the load balancer’s innate ability to act as a service registry requires payment of the architectural debt incurred from the original decision and further, in an automated, software-driven environment, also requires payment of the technical debt you incurred to integrate with the external service registry. .

It’s important to remember that microservices impacts not just development, but deployment, too, and the architectures required to support delivering their services to the users (people, things, and apps). This is not as simple a change as migrating from Apache to IIS (or vice versa). It’s a disruptive change to the architecture, and that will necessitate a certain amount of architectural debt stemming from the choices you make early on in the adoption cycle.

Architectural debt can be minimized, but not mitigated entirely. Therefore it’s important to start evaluating options now, before hasty decisions are made that will later be regretted or cause unforeseen costs or complications.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Lori MacVittie

Lori MacVittie is responsible for education and evangelism of application services available across F5’s entire product suite. Her role includes authorship of technical materials and participation in a number of community-based forums and industry standards organizations, among other efforts. MacVittie has extensive programming experience as an application architect, as well as network and systems development and administration expertise. Prior to joining F5, MacVittie was an award-winning Senior Technology Editor at Network Computing Magazine, where she conducted product research and evaluation focused on integration with application and network architectures, and authored articles on a variety of topics aimed at IT professionals. Her most recent area of focus included SOA-related products and architectures. She holds a B.S. in Information and Computing Science from the University of Wisconsin at Green Bay, and an M.S. in Computer Science from Nova Southeastern University.

@MicroservicesExpo Stories
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
Is your application too difficult to manage? Do changes take dozens of developers hundreds of hours to execute, and frequently result in downtime across all your site’s functions? It sounds like you have a monolith! A monolith is one of the three main software architectures that define most applications. Whether you’ve intentionally set out to create a monolith or not, it’s worth at least weighing the pros and cons of the different architectural approaches and deciding which one makes the most s...
Developers want to create better apps faster. Static clouds are giving way to scalable systems, with dynamic resource allocation and application monitoring. You won't hear that chant from users on any picket line, but helping developers to create better apps faster is the mission of Lee Atchison, principal cloud architect and advocate at New Relic Inc., based in San Francisco. His singular job is to understand and drive the industry in the areas of cloud architecture, microservices, scalability ...
When you decide to launch a startup company, business advisors, counselors, bankers and armchair know-it-alls will tell you that the first thing you need to do is get funding. While there is some validity to that boilerplate piece of wisdom, the availability of and need for startup funding has gone through a dramatic transformation over the past decade, and the next few years will see even more of a shift. A perfect storm of events is causing this seismic shift. On the macroeconomic side this ...
Cloud promises the agility required by today’s digital businesses. As organizations adopt cloud based infrastructures and services, their IT resources become increasingly dynamic and hybrid in nature. Managing these require modern IT operations and tools. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Raj Sundaram, Senior Principal Product Manager at CA Technologies, will discuss how to modernize your IT operations in order to proactively manage your hybrid cloud and IT environments. He will be sharing be...
Cloud Expo, Inc. has announced today that Aruna Ravichandran, vice president of DevOps Product and Solutions Marketing at CA Technologies, has been named co-conference chair of DevOps at Cloud Expo 2017. The @DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo New York will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, and @DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo Silicon Valley will take place Oct. 31-Nov. 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
A Man in the Middle attack, or MITM, is a situation wherein a malicious entity can read/write data that is being transmitted between two or more systems (in most cases, between you and the website that you are surfing). MITMs are common in China, thanks to the “Great Cannon.” The “Great Cannon” is slightly different from the “The Great Firewall.” The firewall monitors web traffic moving in and out of China and blocks prohibited content. The Great Cannon, on the other hand, acts as a man in the...
To more closely examine the variety of ways in which IT departments around the world are integrating cloud services, and the effect hybrid IT has had on their organizations and IT job roles, SolarWinds recently released the SolarWinds IT Trends Report 2017: Portrait of a Hybrid Organization. This annual study consists of survey-based research that explores significant trends, developments, and movements related to and directly affecting IT and IT professionals.
NHK, Japan Broadcasting, will feature the upcoming @ThingsExpo Silicon Valley in a special 'Internet of Things' and smart technology documentary that will be filmed on the expo floor between November 3 to 5, 2015, in Santa Clara. NHK is the sole public TV network in Japan equivalent to the BBC in the UK and the largest in Asia with many award-winning science and technology programs. Japanese TV is producing a documentary about IoT and Smart technology and will be covering @ThingsExpo Silicon Val...
In his general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Manish Dixit, VP of Product and Engineering at Dice, discussed how Dice leverages data insights and tools to help both tech professionals and recruiters better understand how skills relate to each other and which skills are in high demand using interactive visualizations and salary indicator tools to maximize earning potential. Manish Dixit is VP of Product and Engineering at Dice. As the leader of the Product, Engineering and Data Sciences team at D...
Keeping pace with advancements in software delivery processes and tooling is taxing even for the most proficient organizations. Point tools, platforms, open source and the increasing adoption of private and public cloud services requires strong engineering rigor – all in the face of developer demands to use the tools of choice. As Agile has settled in as a mainstream practice, now DevOps has emerged as the next wave to improve software delivery speed and output. To make DevOps work, organization...
Enterprise architects are increasingly adopting multi-cloud strategies as they seek to utilize existing data center assets, leverage the advantages of cloud computing and avoid cloud vendor lock-in. This requires a globally aware traffic management strategy that can monitor infrastructure health across data centers and end-user experience globally, while responding to control changes and system specification at the speed of today’s DevOps teams. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Josh Gray, Chie...
This recent research on cloud computing from the Register delves a little deeper than many of the "We're all adopting cloud!" surveys we've seen. They found that meaningful cloud adoption and the idea of the cloud-first enterprise are still not reality for many businesses. The Register's stats also show a more gradual cloud deployment trend over the past five years, not any sort of explosion. One important takeaway is that coherence across internal and external clouds is essential for IT right n...
Back in February of 2017, Andrew Clay Schafer of Pivotal tweeted the following: “seriously tho, the whole software industry is stuck on deployment when we desperately need architecture and telemetry.” Intrigue in a 140 characters. For me, I hear Andrew saying, “we’re jumping to step 5 before we’ve successfully completed steps 1-4.”
In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Scott Davis, CTO of Embotics, will discuss how automation can provide the dynamic management required to cost-effectively deliver microservices and container solutions at scale. He will discuss how flexible automation is the key to effectively bridging and seamlessly coordinating both IT and developer needs for component orchestration across disparate clouds – an increasingly important requirement at today’s multi-cloud enterprise.
In large enterprises, environment provisioning and server provisioning account for a significant portion of the operations team's time. This often leaves users frustrated while they wait for these services. For instance, server provisioning can take several days and sometimes even weeks. At the same time, digital transformation means the need for server and environment provisioning is constantly growing. Organizations are adopting agile methodologies and software teams are increasing the speed ...
Software as a service (SaaS), one of the earliest and most successful cloud services, has reached mainstream status. According to Cisco, by 2019 more than four-fifths (83 percent) of all data center traffic will be based in the cloud, up from 65 percent today. The majority of this traffic will be applications. Businesses of all sizes are adopting a variety of SaaS-based services – everything from collaboration tools to mission-critical commerce-oriented applications. The rise in SaaS usage has m...
The proper isolation of resources is essential for multi-tenant environments. The traditional approach to isolate resources is, however, rather heavyweight. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Igor Drobiazko, co-founder of elastic.io, drew upon his own experience with operating a Docker container-based infrastructure on a large scale and present a lightweight solution for resource isolation using microservices. He also discussed the implementation of microservices in data and application integrat...
We'd all like to fulfill that "find a job you love and you'll never work a day in your life" cliché. But in reality, every job (even if it's our dream job) comes with its downsides. For you, the constant fight against shadow IT might get on your last nerves. For your developer coworkers, infrastructure management is the roadblock that stands in the way of focusing on coding. As you watch more and more applications and processes move to the cloud, technology is coming to developers' rescue-most r...
2016 has been an amazing year for Docker and the container industry. We had 3 major releases of Docker engine this year , and tremendous increase in usage. The community has been following along and contributing amazing Docker resources to help you learn and get hands-on experience. Here’s some of the top read and viewed content for the year. Of course releases are always really popular, particularly when they fit requests we had from the community.