Click here to close now.


Microservices Expo Authors: Dana Gardner, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Chris Witeck

Related Topics: Mobile IoT, Java IoT, Linux Containers, Containers Expo Blog, Agile Computing, SDN Journal

Mobile IoT: Article

5G Networks: The 20/20 View on 2020

Tomorrow isn’t the time to start building for tomorrow. Future viability depends on building a solid infrastructure today

This article is an excerpt from James Carlini's upcoming book, Location Location Connectivity:

5G Networks are being discussed and better defined by key industry manufacturers and network carriers so they can be deployed in the 2020 time period.  They will represent a giant leap in capacity, baseline speeds and overall capabilities.  They have to.  Consumers are turning to Smartphones and tablets as the new ubiquitous edge technology for all their applications.

Many people have gotten a good taste of smartphones and all the applications they can utilize with them.  Now, the growing demand is there and both the framework of networks as well as their capabilities must be upgraded dramatically to keep up with user demand and exponentially growing traffic.

When approaching a new dynamic area in infrastructure, real estate, or technology, a whole new framework for analysis may be necessary.  Too many people try to fit something new into a traditional framework or traditional analysis model which does not fit as a metric.

Looking into what is needed for a solid platform for global commerce, the main issues are to offer the best and the fastest capabilities.  Speed is always a factor in any transportation medium, including communications. Anyone, or any corporate or political sales pitch, who tells you otherwise is trying to protect obsolete infrastructure and/or poor competitive strategies.

There needs to be a good education of all interested parties instead of having some people hypothesize concepts that will never be prevalent or even applicable. Remember, the network infrastructure is part of the Platform for Commerce. The Platform for Commerce's five millennia focus has been on increasing trade routes and commerce.

Any network being planned today for tomorrow should be conceptualized like this. (See Chart 1)

Chart 1: Design Criteria for Network Speeds




Common End-User/ Subscriber

1 Gbps (One Gigabit per second)

This includes wireless due to what Smartphones are demanding in bandwidth

Industrial Park, Business Campus

Commercial Space


This would include next-generation Intelligent Business Campuses. (Some parks already have multiple carriers providing 40Gbps today.

Downtown/ Commercial Space


For downtown urban areas.

Backbone/ Carrier Backhaul


1 Tbps (One Terabit per second)

This sounds high, but the way demand is growing, this should be the goal.

Let's examine this table and clarify the numbers.

  1. These suggested speeds are for networks that have yet to be installed.  If you are going to build something, at least build something that should last for awhile.
  2. For next-generation Intelligent Business Campuses/ Intelligent Industrial Parks what you offer at any one location is going to dictate what gets puts in (i.e.  if you don't offer high enough access speeds, certain  corporate site selection committees will pass you by depending on what they are looking for)  So if you do set your sights low when it comes to speed, you won't be able to land that corporate facility that you think will move into the business park.
  3. As smartphones and tablets become more ubiquitous, demand for speed (for new apps) will increase and not go down.  Some new installation endeavors (like stadiums and ball parks) have already shown they have been under-engineered, so engineering "rules-of-thumb" haven't caught up with actual demand.  They have fallen behind.

If anything, they (those in long-term network engineering - including those at the carriers) have to leapfrog what is already a current market condition.

We need to focus on getting back in front of the pack when it comes to network infrastructure and moving to Terabit speeds can only open up a whole new class of applications which can only be feasible when networks run at terabit speeds. For the future, we need to strengthen the resiliency of networks as well as increasing their speeds.

5G Networks will be providing some very high speeds to the average user. This means building out the network to specifications which have to include terabit backbones.

Having more bandwidth available will accelerate the amount of applications that are feasible for customer service, video, high-definition video, social networking, and so many other applications.

Data Rate for 5G Networks



100Gbps +

Specialized enterprise users (stationary)


Low-mobility users


High-mobility users


Anywhere (baseline speed)

This gives you a clearer picture as to where network infrastructure is evolving (see Chart 2).

Chart 2: 5G Network Elements


This was an initial concern of network designers for 3G and 4G.


This became a bigger concern as 4G networks got tested by users' applications and increased traffic.


How long will services last before being replaced or discarded?


This is constantly evolving and will impact the above elements.  Influencers in this level include manufacturers, software/ app designers, and customer demands.



Think of this as the political, regulatory, and regional economic development link for the network.  User demand will shape the network, but so will strong regulatory guidelines that could hamper or promote network resiliency and capabilities.  Smart communities will realize that having a solid network infrastructure will directly translate into having a solid economic base.



This is the carrier's focus as to what it wants to provide to the region:  The most advanced, the status quo, or trailing-edge capabilities because they don't see a market or a big return on their investment.


This is the foundation that must be strong and resilient enough to handle everything put on top of it.

Source: James Carlini, All Rights Reserved

In addition to being aware about the growing demand for speed, become more aware of new building blocks for technology as well as the infrastructure and real estate. The faster we can apply cutting-edge solutions to problems, the more competitive we become in the global markets.

More Stories By James Carlini

James Carlini, MBA, a certified Infrastructure Consultant, keynote speaker and former award-winning Adjunct Professor at Northwestern University, has advised on mission-critical networks. Clients include the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, GLOBEX, and City of Chicago’s 911 Center. An expert witness in civil and federal courts on network infrastructure, he has worked with AT&T, Sprint and others.

Follow daily Carlini-isms at

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.

@MicroservicesExpo Stories
Continuous processes around the development and deployment of applications are both impacted by -- and a benefit to -- the Internet of Things trend. To help better understand the relationship between DevOps and a plethora of new end-devices and data please welcome Gary Gruver, consultant, author and a former IT executive who has led many large-scale IT transformation projects, and John Jeremiah, Technology Evangelist at Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), on Twitter at @j_jeremiah. The discussion...
Discussions of cloud computing have evolved in recent years from a focus on specific types of cloud, to a world of hybrid cloud, and to a world dominated by the APIs that make today's multi-cloud environments and hybrid clouds possible. In this Power Panel at 17th Cloud Expo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists addressed the importance of customers being able to use the specific technologies they need, through environments and ecosystems that expose their APIs to make true ...
Microservices are a very exciting architectural approach that many organizations are looking to as a way to accelerate innovation. Microservices promise to allow teams to move away from monolithic "ball of mud" systems, but the reality is that, in the vast majority of organizations, different projects and technologies will continue to be developed at different speeds. How to handle the dependencies between these disparate systems with different iteration cycles? Consider the "canoncial problem"...
The Internet of Things is clearly many things: data collection and analytics, wearables, Smart Grids and Smart Cities, the Industrial Internet, and more. Cool platforms like Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Intel's Galileo and Edison, and a diverse world of sensors are making the IoT a great toy box for developers in all these areas. In this Power Panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists discussed what things are the most important, which will have the most profound...
Growth hacking is common for startups to make unheard-of progress in building their business. Career Hacks can help Geek Girls and those who support them (yes, that's you too, Dad!) to excel in this typically male-dominated world. Get ready to learn the facts: Is there a bias against women in the tech / developer communities? Why are women 50% of the workforce, but hold only 24% of the STEM or IT positions? Some beginnings of what to do about it! In her Day 2 Keynote at 17th Cloud Expo, San...
PubNub has announced the release of BLOCKS, a set of customizable microservices that give developers a simple way to add code and deploy features for realtime apps.PubNub BLOCKS executes business logic directly on the data streaming through PubNub’s network without splitting it off to an intermediary server controlled by the customer. This revolutionary approach streamlines app development, reduces endpoint-to-endpoint latency, and allows apps to better leverage the enormous scalability of PubNu...
In today's enterprise, digital transformation represents organizational change even more so than technology change, as customer preferences and behavior drive end-to-end transformation across lines of business as well as IT. To capitalize on the ubiquitous disruption driving this transformation, companies must be able to innovate at an increasingly rapid pace. Traditional approaches for driving innovation are now woefully inadequate for keeping up with the breadth of disruption and change facin...
I recently attended and was a speaker at the 4th International Internet of @ThingsExpo at the Santa Clara Convention Center. I also had the opportunity to attend this event last year and I wrote a blog from that show talking about how the “Enterprise Impact of IoT” was a key theme of last year’s show. I was curious to see if the same theme would still resonate 365 days later and what, if any, changes I would see in the content presented.
You may have heard about the pets vs. cattle discussion – a reference to the way application servers are deployed in the cloud native world. If an application server goes down it can simply be dropped from the mix and a new server added in its place. The practice so far has mostly been applied to application deployments. Management software on the other hand is treated in a very special manner. Dedicated resources are set aside to run the management software components and several alerting syst...
It's been a busy time for tech's ongoing infatuation with containers. Amazon just announced EC2 Container Registry to simply container management. The new Azure container service taps into Microsoft's partnership with Docker and Mesosphere. You know when there's a standard for containers on the table there's money on the table, too. Everyone is talking containers because they reduce a ton of development-related challenges and make it much easier to move across production and testing environm...
The Internet of Things (IoT) is growing rapidly by extending current technologies, products and networks. By 2020, Cisco estimates there will be 50 billion connected devices. Gartner has forecast revenues of over $300 billion, just to IoT suppliers. Now is the time to figure out how you’ll make money – not just create innovative products. With hundreds of new products and companies jumping into the IoT fray every month, there’s no shortage of innovation. Despite this, McKinsey/VisionMobile data...
Hiring the wrong candidate can cost a company hundreds of thousands of dollars, and result in lost profit and productivity during the search for a replacement. In fact, the Harvard Business Review has found that as much as 80 percent of turnover is caused by bad hiring decisions. But when your organization has implemented DevOps, the job is about more than just technical chops. It’s also about core behaviors: how they work with others, how they make decisions, and how those decisions translate t...
In his General Session at DevOps Summit, Asaf Yigal, Co-Founder & VP of Product at, explored the value of Kibana 4 for log analysis and provided a hands-on tutorial on how to set up Kibana 4 and get the most out of Apache log files. He examined three use cases: IT operations, business intelligence, and security and compliance. Asaf Yigal is co-founder and VP of Product at log analytics software company In the past, he was co-founder of social-trading platform Currensee, which...
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo 2016 in New York and Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 17th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty ...
One of the most important tenets of digital transformation is that it’s customer-driven. In fact, the only reason technology is involved at all is because today’s customers demand technology-based interactions with the companies they do business with. It’s no surprise, therefore, that we at Intellyx agree with Patrick Maes, CTO, ANZ Bank, when he said, “the fundamental element in digital transformation is extreme customer centricity.” So true – but note the insightful twist that Maes adde...
Just over a week ago I received a long and loud sustained applause for a presentation I delivered at this year’s Cloud Expo in Santa Clara. I was extremely pleased with the turnout and had some very good conversations with many of the attendees. Over the next few days I had many more meaningful conversations and was not only happy with the results but also learned a few new things. Here is everything I learned in those three days distilled into three short points.
DevOps is about increasing efficiency, but nothing is more inefficient than building the same application twice. However, this is a routine occurrence with enterprise applications that need both a rich desktop web interface and strong mobile support. With recent technological advances from Isomorphic Software and others, rich desktop and tuned mobile experiences can now be created with a single codebase – without compromising functionality, performance or usability. In his session at DevOps Su...
Using any programming framework to the fullest extent possible first requires an understanding of advanced software architecture concepts. While writing a little client-side JavaScript does not necessarily require as much consideration when designing a scalable software architecture, the evolution of tools like Node.js means that you could be facing large code bases that must be easy to maintain.
People want to get going with DevOps or Continuous Delivery, but need a place to start. Others are already on their way, but need some validation of their choices. A few months ago, I published the first volume of DevOps and Continuous Delivery reference architectures which has now been viewed over 50,000 times on SlideShare (it's free to registration required). Three things helped people in the deck: (1) the reference architectures, (2) links to the sources for each architectur...
As organizations realize the scope of the Internet of Things, gaining key insights from Big Data, through the use of advanced analytics, becomes crucial. However, IoT also creates the need for petabyte scale storage of data from millions of devices. A new type of Storage is required which seamlessly integrates robust data analytics with massive scale. These storage systems will act as “smart systems” provide in-place analytics that speed discovery and enable businesses to quickly derive meaningf...