Click here to close now.




















Welcome!

Microservices Expo Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Mike Kavis, Ian Khan, Lori MacVittie

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Java IoT, Microservices Expo, Linux Containers, Cloud Security, @BigDataExpo

@CloudExpo: Article

Key Data Residency Requirements Global Organizations Need to Understand

…And some advice on how to satisfy them as you move to the cloud

One challenge more and more enterprises are grappling with as they plan to adopt the cloud is data residency & sovereignty. They are finding that if they want to use a cloud service hosted outside of their borders, life can become quite complex. Perhaps it is a result of the often discussed "Snowden Effect," but no one can deny that countries and regions are putting some strict guidelines in place to ensure privacy of sensitive data that is moving outside of their borders. These three examples are indicative of what I foresee we will be seeing much more of:

Australia: The Privacy Amendment Act
The Privacy Amendment Act introduced many changes to the original Privacy Act and just recently went into effect. The Act includes a set of new privacy principles that cover the processing of personal information by government agencies and businesses. The new principles are called jointly called the Australian Privacy Principles (APPs).

In the context of cloud adoption, agencies and businesses that deal with personal information are subject to APP8 (cross-border disclosure of personal information) which regulates the disclosure/transfer of personal information by an agency or business to a different entity (including a parent company) offshore. Before moving this type of data offshore, the Australian agency/business (Australian sender) must take reasonable steps to ensure the overseas recipient will comply with / not breach the APPs. The Australian Sender will remain liable for the overseas recipient's acts associated with any transferred personal information and, where relevant, be in breach of the APPs due to the overseas recipient's acts or omissions. In addition, APP11.1 (security of personal information) requires that an organization must "take reasonable steps to protect the personal information it holds from misuse".

Germany: The Federal Data Protection Act
Germany's Federal Data Protection Act is known as Bundesdatenschutzgesetz or BDSG, and these laws were reformed to cover a range of data protection-related issues. The key principles of the law state that organizations cannot collect any personally identifiable information without express permission from an individual (this includes obvious things like name and date of birth, as well as less obvious things like phone number, address and computer IP address). The permission that an individual grants must specify how, where, how long and for what purposes the data may be used and the individual can revoke the permission at any time.

Organizations must have policies, procedures and controls in place to protect all data types and categories that fall under the BDSG umbrella. Further, Germany does not recognize Safe Harbor regulations in the same way as other EU states (note - other EU states are re-examining this issue). It requires all parties involved in data transfer to assure that Safe Harbor requirements are met in a more formalized and structured manner.

In addition to the Federal Data Protection Act, components of the German criminal code regulate personal data protection, particularly for telecommunications, healthcare, and insurance companies. And all of the 16 German states have their own specific data protection laws pertaining to these areas.

United Kingdom: The UK Data Protection Act
The UK Data Protection Act is the UK's legislation covering the processing of data on people and is the main piece of legislation that governs the protection of personal data in the UK. The Act places clear demands upon those holding personal data in terms of the security that must be applied to protect it and it is necessary to apply a wide range of security measures to meet these standards:

  • Data must be processed fairly and lawfully
  • Data must be processed in accordance with the rights and freedoms of data subjects
  • Data must be protected against unauthorized or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage
  • Data must not be transferred to a country or territory outside the European Economic Area unless that country or territory protects the rights and freedoms of the data subjects.

The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) is the UK's independent authority set up to uphold information rights in the public interest. They recently provided guidance around the use of cloud computing reiterating that the responsibility for data protection remains with the data controller (the enterprise). And particular consideration should be given to mitigating the security risks relating to personal data since foreign law enforcement agencies may have the power to demand access to personal data stored in a foreign data center. Failing to protect private data can result in ICO-levied fines.

What is an organization to do? Look exclusively at cloud solutions that are based wholly in the country where they operate? Avoid cloud services altogether? Both of these approaches are impractical. Enterprises need to adopt cloud-based solutions, the best ones available irrespective of location, in order to drive their businesses and remain competitive. So what to do? Technology in the form of Cloud Data Control Gateways (CDCGs) using a technique called tokenization can help.

CDCGs are increasingly being used by global organizations to meet data residency requirements. Using tokenization, where clear text data is replaced by a surrogate token (check out a cool infographic describing the technique here), sensitive data can remain physically onsite while only surrogate replacement tokens go to the cloud for processing and storage. This solution enables enterprises to use public cloud applications no matter where they are located because actual data never needs to leave their in-country data center where the tokenization process occurs. It is a simple and straightforward way to adhere to complex data residency/sovereignty requirements. For those concerned about the "Snowden Effect," the reality is that any requests for information through one of their US-based cloud providers cannot result in compromising customer or corporate data without the enterprise being part of the conversation.

Of course, not all tokenization technologies are created equal. This solution only works when it is designed and deployed properly so as to fulfill all data obfuscation goals and objectives. Most important, it needs to be part of a gateway approach that ensures that the functionality of the cloud application is not disrupted for cloud end users. For example, users need to be able to use the cloud as if the gateway was not in the middle of the equation at all (e.g., they need to be able to Search or Sort on data that has been tokenized).

Please check out our website, which offers more insights on data sovereignty and tokenization with specific pages addressing laws in a number of countries as well as sector-based requirements for verticals like Banking and Healthcare. We also provide various reference pieces, including a broader whitepaper, International Privacy Laws.

Read the original blog entry...


Perspecsys Inc. is a leading provider of cloud data tokenization and cloud encryption solutions that enable mission-critical cloud applications to be adopted throughout the enterprise. Cloud security companies like Perspecsys remove the technical, legal and financial risks of placing sensitive company data in the cloud. Perspecsys accomplishes this for many large, heavily regulated companies across the world by never allowing sensitive data to leave a customer's network, while maintaining the functionality of cloud applications. For more information please visit perspecsys.com or follow on Twitter @perspecsys.

More Stories By Gerry Grealish

Gerry Grealish is Vice President, Marketing & Products, at PerspecSys. He is responsible for defining and executing PerspecSys’ marketing vision and driving revenue growth through strategic market expansion and new product development. Previously, he ran Product Marketing for the TNS Payments Division, helping create the marketing and product strategy for its cloud-based payment gateway and tokenization/encryption security solutions. He has held senior marketing and leadership roles for venture-backed startups as well as F500 companies, and his industry experience includes enterprise analytical software, payment processing and security services, and marketing and credit risk decisioning platforms.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@MicroservicesExpo Stories
Container technology is sending shock waves through the world of cloud computing. Heralded as the 'next big thing,' containers provide software owners a consistent way to package their software and dependencies while infrastructure operators benefit from a standard way to deploy and run them. Containers present new challenges for tracking usage due to their dynamic nature. They can also be deployed to bare metal, virtual machines and various cloud platforms. How do software owners track the usag...
SYS-CON Events announced today that the "Second Containers & Microservices Expo" will take place November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities.
The Software Defined Data Center (SDDC), which enables organizations to seamlessly run in a hybrid cloud model (public + private cloud), is here to stay. IDC estimates that the software-defined networking market will be valued at $3.7 billion by 2016. Security is a key component and benefit of the SDDC, and offers an opportunity to build security 'from the ground up' and weave it into the environment from day one. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Reuven Harrison, CTO and Co-Founder of Tufin,...
Our guest on the podcast this week is JP Morgenthal, Global Solutions Executive at CSC. We discuss the architecture of microservices and how to overcome the challenge of making different tools work together. We learn about the importance of hiring engineers who can compose services into an integrated system.
Alibaba, the world’s largest ecommerce provider, has pumped over a $1 billion into its subsidiary, Aliya, a cloud services provider. This is perhaps one of the biggest moments in the global Cloud Wars that signals the entry of China into the main arena. Here is why this matters. The cloud industry worldwide is being propelled into fast growth by tremendous demand for cloud computing services. Cloud, which is highly scalable and offers low investment and high computational capabilities to end us...
You often hear the two titles of "DevOps" and "Immutable Infrastructure" used independently. In his session at DevOps Summit, John Willis, Technical Evangelist for Docker, covered the union between the two topics and why this is important. He provided an overview of Immutable Infrastructure then showed how an Immutable Continuous Delivery pipeline can be applied as a best practice for "DevOps." He ended the session with some interesting case study examples.
One of the ways to increase scalability of services – and applications – is to go “stateless.” The reasons for this are many, but in general by eliminating the mapping between a single client and a single app or service instance you eliminate the need for resources to manage state in the app (overhead) and improve the distributability (I can make up words if I want) of requests across a pool of instances. The latter occurs because sessions don’t need to hang out and consume resources that could ...
Microservices has the potential of significantly impacting the way in which developers create applications. It's possible to create applications using microservices faster and more efficiently than other technologies that are currently available. The problem is that many people are suspicious of microservices because of all the technology claims to do. In addition, anytime you start moving things around in an organization, it means changing the status quo and people dislike change. Even so, micr...
"We've just seen a huge influx of new partners coming into our ecosystem, and partners building unique offerings on top of our API set," explained Seth Bostock, Chief Executive Officer at IndependenceIT, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 16th Cloud Expo, held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City.
SYS-CON Events announced today that HPM Networks will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. For 20 years, HPM Networks has been integrating technology solutions that solve complex business challenges. HPM Networks has designed solutions for both SMB and enterprise customers throughout the San Francisco Bay Area.
Digital Transformation is the ultimate goal of cloud computing and related initiatives. The phrase is certainly not a precise one, and as subject to hand-waving and distortion as any high-falutin' terminology in the world of information technology. Yet it is an excellent choice of words to describe what enterprise IT—and by extension, organizations in general—should be working to achieve. Digital Transformation means: handling all the data types being found and created in the organizat...
JavaScript is primarily a client-based dynamic scripting language most commonly used within web browsers as client-side scripts to interact with the user, browser, and communicate asynchronously to servers. If you have been part of any web-based development, odds are you have worked with JavaScript in one form or another. In this article, I'll focus on the aspects of JavaScript that are relevant within the Node.js environment.
Approved this February by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), HTTP/2 is the first major update to HTTP since 1999, when HTTP/1.1 was standardized. Designed with performance in mind, one of the biggest goals of HTTP/2 implementation is to decrease latency while maintaining a high-level compatibility with HTTP/1.1. Though not all testing activities will be impacted by the new protocol, it's important for testers to be aware of any changes moving forward.
This week, I joined SOASTA as Senior Vice President of Performance Analytics. Given my background in cloud computing and distributed systems operations — you may have read my blogs on CNET or GigaOm — this may surprise you, but I want to explain why this is the perfect time to take on this opportunity with this team. In fact, that’s probably the best way to break this down. To explain why I’d leave the world of infrastructure and code for the world of data and analytics, let’s explore the timing...
Learn how to solve the problem of keeping files in sync between multiple Docker containers. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Aaron Brongersma, Senior Infrastructure Engineer at Modulus, discussed using rsync, GlusterFS, EBS and Bit Torrent Sync. He broke down the tools that are needed to help create a seamless user experience. In the end, can we have an environment where we can easily move Docker containers, servers, and volumes without impacting our applications? He shared his results so yo...
Auto-scaling environments, micro-service architectures and globally-distributed teams are just three common examples of why organizations today need automation and interoperability more than ever. But is interoperability something we simply start doing, or does it require a reexamination of our processes? And can we really improve our processes without first making interoperability a requirement for how we choose our tools?
Cloud Migration Management (CMM) refers to the best practices for planning and managing migration of IT systems from a legacy platform to a Cloud Provider through a combination professional services consulting and software tools. A Cloud migration project can be a relatively simple exercise, where applications are migrated ‘as is’, to gain benefits such as elastic capacity and utility pricing, but without making any changes to the application architecture, software development methods or busine...
The Internet of Things. Cloud. Big Data. Real-Time Analytics. To those who do not quite understand what these phrases mean (and let’s be honest, that’s likely to be a large portion of the world), words like “IoT” and “Big Data” are just buzzwords. The truth is, the Internet of Things encompasses much more than jargon and predictions of connected devices. According to Parker Trewin, Senior Director of Content and Communications of Aria Systems, “IoT is big news because it ups the ante: Reach out ...
At DevOps Summit NY there’s been a whole lot of talk about not just DevOps, but containers, IoT, and microservices. Sessions focused not just on the cultural shift needed to grow at scale with a DevOps approach, but also made sure to include the network ”plumbing” needed to ensure success as applications decompose into the microservice architectures enabling rapid growth and support for the Internet of (Every)Things.
Our guest on the podcast this week is Adrian Cockcroft, Technology Fellow at Battery Ventures. We discuss what makes Docker and Netflix highly successful, especially through their use of well-designed IT architecture and DevOps.