SOA & WOA Authors: Plutora Blog, Pat Romanski, Miguel Valdes Faura, Elizabeth White, John Savageau

Blog Feed Post

Social Network Analysis at New Frontiers in Computing 2013

by Joseph Rickert This past Saturday, the New Frontiers in Computing Conference (NFIC 2013), held at Stanford University, explored the theme: Social Network Analysis: It’s Who You Know. The speakers were a well-chosen, eclectic lot who covered a remarkable array of issues in less than a full day. Ian Hersey, former CTO of Attensity spoke on Lessons from Large-Scale Social Analytics. Michael Wu, Chief scientist of Lithium Technologies, provided an introduction to social network analysis and very gamely conducted a live experiment building a social network of attendee tweets during the conference. Rong Yan, the Engineering Manager for Ads Relevance and Quality at Facebook spoke about machine learning insights. Zahan Malkani, an engineer at Facebook, presented “Dog”, the yet to be released social media programming language. Shivakumar Vaithyanathan, Chief Scientist for Text Analytics at the IBM Almaden Research Center that is built around IBM’s Annotation Query Language (AQL). Laura Jacob, a Factset engineer and president of the IEEE’s Society on the Social Implications of Technology spoke about “Context Collapse”, a fundamental cause for the damaging “oversharing” trap that so many Facebook and Twitter users fall into. Finally, John Rehling, Senior Research Scientist at Reputation.com, “cleaned up” with an alarming discussion of the mind boggling hazards we all face in just using the Internet. Although most of the talks were obviously enhanced versions of corporate presentations, there was nothing superficial about the day. Collectively, the presentations and panel discussions provided a comprehensive, multidimensional look at the technologies, issues and challenges associate with social networks. Most refreshingly, the day was mostly hype free — no beating the drum for big data or promoting unreasonable expectations for Hadoop.  The presenters all seemed to pretty much be in agreement about the current best practices in technology. Hadoop, for example, was characterized as being the place for massive amounts of persistent data, but not a suitable platform for ingesting social media data where low latency is of paramount importance. And, Rong Yan pointed out that although Facebook is a big Hadoop shop they do not use Map-Reduce for analyses that require status sharing among processors distributed across the cluster. R came up at various times during the discussions in a matter of fact way. Rong pointed out for example, that for data stored in Hadoop clusters Pig or Hive will typically be used to aggregate data at which point it is no longer big data. After that R, Matlab or SQL might be used for analysis. He indicated that most business questions can be answered with relatively small data sets. When it really is necessary to work with a large data set then the analysis is likely to be done in C++. At one point Shivakumar casually remarked that AQL syntax looks a lot like R. A technical highlight of the day was Michael Wu’s introduction to social network analysis (SNA). With the help of an open source plug-in to Excel he was able to start from first principles and work up to explaining some fairly sophisticated performance metrics for social network graphs such as eigenvector centrality. Basically, this is the notion of giving high scores to nodes that are connected to nodes that are themselves central within the network. (For a very nice explanation of this idea and pointers to the source papers have a look at the Plos paper by Gabrielle Lohmann et al.) Michael gave a remarkably clear presentation and although he did not use R he could have. For anyone with an interest in getting started with SNA I recommend the 2010 Social Network Analysis Labs in R written by McFarland, Messing and Nowak. The labs use functions from the igraph package and data from the NetData package to provide a challenging introductory SNA course. The first plot (from the 4th lab) shows a network graph of student interactions using the studentnets.S641 data set. This next plot shows the Eigenvector centrality score for each student. The most fascinating and distressing presentations and discussions happened in the section on Privacy Implications for SNA. Laura Jacob started things off here by providing some social theory background for the problem of inadvertently oversharing on social media sites. Frequently this sort of thing happens when the imagined audience for a tweet, message or photo turns out not to be the actual audience. This “context collapse” results from the tension between the individual’s attempt to establish some level of privacy and the social media site’s desire obtain information. Laura explained that social media sites know that if they put you a certain context you are more likely to share information that is appropriate for that context. However, unless you are really careful about the privacy settings the actual context might include a wider audience than intended. At some level, participating in social media is like continually reliving that part of your wedding day where you worked very hard to limit the conversation between your new in-laws at Table 1 and your Vegas party friends seated in Table 12. For more on the theory take a look at Laura’s suggested reading list of (Goffman 1959) and (Marwick 2010) In the final presentation of the day, John Rehling took the attendees through the “Spectrum of Social Distance”: self < younger self < family < friend < acquaintance < enemy; recounted a number of cases where reputations were tarnished and irrevocable damage done by people closer than family and then pointed out that in the future we can expect to live in a world where individually innocuous bits of information will be assembled to form damaging information. This very brief summary of the conference does not do justice to any of the presenters, but will end here with Ian Hersey’s list of ongoing challenges for SNA: The growth in the volume of data (10% increase per month) Data Quality Assurance Rich natural language processing in many languages across many domains The sparseness of geocoded data Veracity (There is lots of gaming going on in social media) Irony / sarcasm detection Finally, I'm betting that not long after Dog we will have “RDog”.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By David Smith

David Smith is Vice President of Marketing and Community at Revolution Analytics. He has a long history with the R and statistics communities. After graduating with a degree in Statistics from the University of Adelaide, South Australia, he spent four years researching statistical methodology at Lancaster University in the United Kingdom, where he also developed a number of packages for the S-PLUS statistical modeling environment. He continued his association with S-PLUS at Insightful (now TIBCO Spotfire) overseeing the product management of S-PLUS and other statistical and data mining products.<

David smith is the co-author (with Bill Venables) of the popular tutorial manual, An Introduction to R, and one of the originating developers of the ESS: Emacs Speaks Statistics project. Today, he leads marketing for REvolution R, supports R communities worldwide, and is responsible for the Revolutions blog. Prior to joining Revolution Analytics, he served as vice president of product management at Zynchros, Inc. Follow him on twitter at @RevoDavid

@ThingsExpo Stories
In their session at @ThingsExpo, Shyam Varan Nath, Principal Architect at GE, and Ibrahim Gokcen, who leads GE's advanced IoT analytics, focused on the Internet of Things / Industrial Internet and how to make it operational for business end-users. Learn about the challenges posed by machine and sensor data and how to marry it with enterprise data. They also discussed the tips and tricks to provide the Industrial Internet as an end-user consumable service using Big Data Analytics and Industrial Cloud.
How do APIs and IoT relate? The answer is not as simple as merely adding an API on top of a dumb device, but rather about understanding the architectural patterns for implementing an IoT fabric. There are typically two or three trends: Exposing the device to a management framework Exposing that management framework to a business centric logic Exposing that business layer and data to end users. This last trend is the IoT stack, which involves a new shift in the separation of what stuff happens, where data lives and where the interface lies. For instance, it's a mix of architectural styles ...
Almost everyone sees the potential of Internet of Things but how can businesses truly unlock that potential. The key will be in the ability to discover business insight in the midst of an ocean of Big Data generated from billions of embedded devices via Systems of Discover. Businesses will also need to ensure that they can sustain that insight by leveraging the cloud for global reach, scale and elasticity.
The Industrial Internet revolution is now underway, enabled by connected machines and billions of devices that communicate and collaborate. The massive amounts of Big Data requiring real-time analysis is flooding legacy IT systems and giving way to cloud environments that can handle the unpredictable workloads. Yet many barriers remain until we can fully realize the opportunities and benefits from the convergence of machines and devices with Big Data and the cloud, including interoperability, data security and privacy.
The Internet of Things (IoT) promises to evolve the way the world does business; however, understanding how to apply it to your company can be a mystery. Most people struggle with understanding the potential business uses or tend to get caught up in the technology, resulting in solutions that fail to meet even minimum business goals. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jesse Shiah, CEO / President / Co-Founder of AgilePoint Inc., showed what is needed to leverage the IoT to transform your business. He discussed opportunities and challenges ahead for the IoT from a market and technical point of vie...
IoT is still a vague buzzword for many people. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mike Kavis, Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Partners, discussed the business value of IoT that goes far beyond the general public's perception that IoT is all about wearables and home consumer services. He also discussed how IoT is perceived by investors and how venture capitalist access this space. Other topics discussed were barriers to success, what is new, what is old, and what the future may hold. Mike Kavis is Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Pa...
Dale Kim is the Director of Industry Solutions at MapR. His background includes a variety of technical and management roles at information technology companies. While his experience includes work with relational databases, much of his career pertains to non-relational data in the areas of search, content management, and NoSQL, and includes senior roles in technical marketing, sales engineering, and support engineering. Dale holds an MBA from Santa Clara University, and a BA in Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is rapidly in the process of breaking from its heretofore relatively obscure enterprise applications (such as plant floor control and supply chain management) and going mainstream into the consumer space. More and more creative folks are interconnecting everyday products such as household items, mobile devices, appliances and cars, and unleashing new and imaginative scenarios. We are seeing a lot of excitement around applications in home automation, personal fitness, and in-car entertainment and this excitement will bleed into other areas. On the commercial side, m...
"People are a lot more knowledgeable about APIs now. There are two types of people who work with APIs - IT people who want to use APIs for something internal and the product managers who want to do something outside APIs for people to connect to them," explained Roberto Medrano, Executive Vice President at SOA Software, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at Cloud Expo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Performance is the intersection of power, agility, control, and choice. If you value performance, and more specifically consistent performance, you need to look beyond simple virtualized compute. Many factors need to be considered to create a truly performant environment. In his General Session at 15th Cloud Expo, Harold Hannon, Sr. Software Architect at SoftLayer, discussed how to take advantage of a multitude of compute options and platform features to make cloud the cornerstone of your online presence.
An entirely new security model is needed for the Internet of Things, or is it? Can we save some old and tested controls for this new and different environment? In his session at @ThingsExpo, New York's at the Javits Center, Davi Ottenheimer, EMC Senior Director of Trust, reviewed hands-on lessons with IoT devices and reveal a new risk balance you might not expect. Davi Ottenheimer, EMC Senior Director of Trust, has more than nineteen years' experience managing global security operations and assessments, including a decade of leading incident response and digital forensics. He is co-author of t...
SYS-CON Media announced that Splunk, a provider of the leading software platform for real-time Operational Intelligence, has launched an ad campaign on Big Data Journal. Splunk software and cloud services enable organizations to search, monitor, analyze and visualize machine-generated big data coming from websites, applications, servers, networks, sensors and mobile devices. The ads focus on delivering ROI - how improved uptime delivered $6M in annual ROI, improving customer operations by mining large volumes of unstructured data, and how data tracking delivers uptime when it matters most.
DevOps Summit 2015 New York, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that it is now accepting Keynote Proposals. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long development cycles that produce software that is obsolete at launch. DevOps may be disruptive, but it is essential.
The Internet of Things will greatly expand the opportunities for data collection and new business models driven off of that data. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Esmeralda Swartz, CMO of MetraTech, discussed how for this to be effective you not only need to have infrastructure and operational models capable of utilizing this new phenomenon, but increasingly service providers will need to convince a skeptical public to participate. Get ready to show them the money!
The 3rd International Internet of @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that its Call for Papers is now open. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the biggest idea since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.
The 3rd International Internet of @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that its Call for Papers is now open. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the biggest idea since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.
"There is a natural synchronization between the business models, the IoT is there to support ,” explained Brendan O'Brien, Co-founder and Chief Architect of Aria Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at the 15th International Cloud Expo®, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The Internet of Things will put IT to its ultimate test by creating infinite new opportunities to digitize products and services, generate and analyze new data to improve customer satisfaction, and discover new ways to gain a competitive advantage across nearly every industry. In order to help corporate business units to capitalize on the rapidly evolving IoT opportunities, IT must stand up to a new set of challenges. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jeff Kaplan, Managing Director of THINKstrategies, will examine why IT must finally fulfill its role in support of its SBUs or face a new round of...
The BPM world is going through some evolution or changes where traditional business process management solutions really have nowhere to go in terms of development of the road map. In this demo at 15th Cloud Expo, Kyle Hansen, Director of Professional Services at AgilePoint, shows AgilePoint’s unique approach to dealing with this market circumstance by developing a rapid application composition or development framework.

ARMONK, N.Y., Nov. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ --  IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced that it is bringing a greater level of control, security and flexibility to cloud-based application development and delivery with a single-tenant version of Bluemix, IBM's platform-as-a-service. The new platform enables developers to build ap...