Welcome!

Microservices Expo Authors: Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski, VictorOps Blog, Derek Weeks, Jason Bloomberg

Blog Feed Post

Orchestration of a JSON API with a SOAP Web Service using the Axway/Vordel API Server

A frequent question about the Axway/Vordel API Server is "Is it possible to orchestrate multiple calls to different APIs or Web Services?". The answer is "Yes", and in this blog I'll show how. Along the way, we'll see how to configure JSON Path on the API Server.

For my worked example, I'm using a weather-lookup scenario. It's now Spring in Boston, and I'm interested in finding out the temperature using the API Server. Yahoo provides a great Weather API to retrieve weather information using REST and JSON. Unfortunately though, it returns the temperature in Fahrenheit and I'm more familiar with Celsius. So, I want to take the temperature from the Yahoo output, and feed this as input to the W3 Schools Fahrenheit-to-Celsius conversion Web Service. This means that I'm orchestrating to calls, one to a REST JSON API and the other to a SOAP Web Service.

Breaking down the steps, this means:

Step 1) The API Server receives a HTTP GET request containing a zip code as a parameter, like this: http://API-Server/orchestration?zip=02110

Step 2) The API Server first makes an API call for this zipcode's weather to Yahoo's Weather API, which returns the weather info as JSON

Step 3) We then extract the temperature from the Yahoo JSON response, and use this to construct a SOAP request to the W3 Schools Fahrenheit-to-Celsius conversion Web Service.

Step 4) Finally, we return the temperature info, converted to Celsius, to the client.

To achieve this, we use a circuit on the API Server, which I show in its entirety below:


Let's look at the steps in detail. Each of the blocks in the circuit is called a "filter". Let's look at what each filter does

1) Extract REST Request Attributes. This filter takes the items from the HTTP request and converts them to variables (which we call "Attributes"). When I call the API Server with a request in the browser like http://API-Server/orchestration?zip=02110 , the value "02110" is put into the attribute ${http.querystring.zip}

2) Set HTTP Verb to GET. This is a "Set HTTP Verb" filter which sets the HTTP Verb to "GET", as shown below:



I am setting the verb to GET because we need to do a GET request to Yahoo's REST Weather API.

3) Call Yahoo Weather API. This is a "Connect to URL" filter, which is configured to pass the zipcode which we've read from the querystring using the Extract REST Request Attributes filter earlier. Notice the zipcode underlined below in red:


4) Read temperature using JSON Path. After we call the Yahoo API, we have the weather response as JSON. I used the excellent online JSON Path Evaluator to construct the JSON Path to read the temperature from the Yahoo response into an Attribute called "temperature":


5) Create temperature lookup request. The next step is to use a "Set Message" filter to take the temperature from the Yahoo JSON response (which we've just read using JSON Path) and place it into a SOAP request to the Fahrenheit-Celsius conversion Web Service, as shown below:



6) Set HTTP Verb to POST. This is another "Set HTTP Verb" filter, this time setting the verb to "POST" because we are about to POST our new SOAP request to the W3 Schools Web Service.



7) Connect to Temperature Conversion Service. This is a "Connect to URL" filter, which contains the URL we want to POST to.


8) Retrieve Celsius temp from message. This is a "Retrieve from Message" filter which uses XPath to read the Celsius value from the SOAP response. To use the XPath Wizard, click on the little magic wand icon, and open a stored example of the SOAP response. I show the configuration for this below:


9) Return Response. This is a "Set Message" filter, and you can see it takes the ${temperature} attribute from the XPath in Step 8, with the Zipcode we read from the Query-String in Step 1:



I wire up the circuit to a path of "/orchestration", like so:


This means that whenever a request comes in to "/orchestration", my circuit is run.

I can call circuit simply from a browser like so:


You can see it's just over 8C in Boston right now. Balmy, compared to a couple of weeks ago.

Using the Vordel Manager on port 8090 of an API Server instance, I can see each request go through, and click on "Show" buttons to see the actual messages and response.


You can see above that there are three request-response pairs:

1) From the Browser to the API Server
2) From the API Server to the Yahoo REST/JSON Weather API
3) From the API Server to the W3 Schools SOAP Web Service to convert from Fahrenheit to Celsius.

So, what we've seen here is that you can orchestrate two requests, one to a REST API and another to a SOAP Web Service, using the Axway/Vordel API Server. Note that the second request overwrites the initial response (if you want to keep a copy of the first response, use a "Store" filter and then use "Restore" to restore the message later).

For more info about the Axway/Vordel API Server, email [email protected]

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Mark O'Neill

Mark O'Neill is VP Innovation at Axway - API and Identity. Previously he was CTO and co-founder at Vordel, which was acquired by Axway. A regular speaker at industry conferences and a contributor to SOA World Magazine and Cloud Computing Journal, Mark holds a degree in mathematics and psychology from Trinity College Dublin and graduate qualifications in neural network programming from Oxford University.

@MicroservicesExpo Stories
In the world of DevOps there are ‘known good practices’ – aka ‘patterns’ – and ‘known bad practices’ – aka ‘anti-patterns.' Many of these patterns and anti-patterns have been developed from real world experience, especially by the early adopters of DevOps theory; but many are more feasible in theory than in practice, especially for more recent entrants to the DevOps scene. In this power panel at @DevOpsSummit at 18th Cloud Expo, moderated by DevOps Conference Chair Andi Mann, panelists will dis...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Peak 10, Inc., a national IT infrastructure and cloud services provider, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Peak 10 provides reliable, tailored data center and network services, cloud and managed services. Its solutions are designed to scale and adapt to customers’ changing business needs, enabling them to lower costs, improve performance and focus inter...
Many private cloud projects were built to deliver self-service access to development and test resources. While those clouds delivered faster access to resources, they lacked visibility, control and security needed for production deployments. In their session at 18th Cloud Expo, Steve Anderson, Product Manager at BMC Software, and Rick Lefort, Principal Technical Marketing Consultant at BMC Software, will discuss how a cloud designed for production operations not only helps accelerate developer...
Last week I had the pleasure of speaking on a panel at Sapphire Ventures Next-Gen Tech Stack Forum in San Francisco. Obviously, I was excited to join the discussion, but as a participant the event crystallized not only where the larger software development market is relative to microservices, container technologies (like Docker), continuous integration and deployment; but also provided insight into where DevOps is heading in the coming years.
Much of the value of DevOps comes from a (renewed) focus on measurement, sharing, and continuous feedback loops. In increasingly complex DevOps workflows and environments, and especially in larger, regulated, or more crystallized organizations, these core concepts become even more critical. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 18th Cloud Expo, Andi Mann, Chief Technology Advocate at Splunk, will show how, by focusing on 'metrics that matter,' you can provide objective, transparent, and meaningfu...
Wow, if you ever wanted to learn about Rugged DevOps (some call it DevSecOps), sit down for a spell with Shannon Lietz, Ian Allison and Scott Kennedy from Intuit. We discussed a number of important topics including internal war games, culture hacking, gamification of Rugged DevOps and starting as a small team. There are 100 gold nuggets in this conversation for novices and experts alike.
The notion of customer journeys, of course, are central to the digital marketer’s playbook. Clearly, enterprises should focus their digital efforts on such journeys, as they represent customer interactions over time. But making customer journeys the centerpiece of the enterprise architecture, however, leaves more questions than answers. The challenge arises when EAs consider the context of the customer journey in the overall architecture as well as the architectural elements that make up each...
In a crowded world of popular computer languages, platforms and ecosystems, Node.js is one of the hottest. According to w3techs.com, Node.js usage has gone up 241 percent in the last year alone. Retailers have taken notice and are implementing it on many levels. I am going to share the basics of Node.js, and discuss why retailers are using it to reduce page load times and improve server efficiency. I’ll talk about similar developments such as Docker and microservices, and look at several compani...
Admittedly, two years ago I was a bulk contributor to the DevOps noise with conversations rooted in the movement around culture, principles, and goals. And while all of these elements of DevOps environments are important, I’ve found that the biggest challenge now is a lack of understanding as to why DevOps is beneficial. It’s getting the wheels going, or just taking the next step. The best way to start on the road to change is to take a look at the companies that have already made great headway ...
In 2006, Martin Fowler posted his now famous essay on Continuous Integration. Looking back, what seemed revolutionary, radical or just plain crazy is now common, pedestrian and "just what you do." I love it. Back then, building and releasing software was a real pain. Integration was something you did at the end, after code complete, and we didn't know how long it would take. Some people may recall how we, as an industry, spent a massive amount of time integrating code from one team with another...
From the conception of Docker containers to the unfolding microservices revolution we see today, here is a brief history of what I like to call 'containerology'. In 2013, we were solidly in the monolithic application era. I had noticed that a growing amount of effort was going into deploying and configuring applications. As applications had grown in complexity and interdependency over the years, the effort to install and configure them was becoming significant. But the road did not end with a ...
I have an article in the recently released “DZone Guide to Building and Deploying Applications on the Cloud” entitled “Fullstack Engineering in the Age of Hybrid Cloud”. In this article I discuss the need and skills of a Fullstack Engineer with relation to troubleshooting and repairing complex, distributed hybrid cloud applications. My recent experiences with troubleshooting issues with my Docker WordPress container only reinforce the details I wrote about in this piece. Without my comprehensive...
As the software delivery industry continues to evolve and mature, the challenge of managing the growing list of the tools and processes becomes more daunting every day. Today, Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) platforms are proving most valuable by providing the governance, management and coordination for every stage of development, deployment and release. Recently, I spoke with Madison Moore at SD Times about the changing market and where ALM is headed.
The goal of any tech business worth its salt is to provide the best product or service to its clients in the most efficient and cost-effective way possible. This is just as true in the development of software products as it is in other product design services. Microservices, an app architecture style that leans mostly on independent, self-contained programs, are quickly becoming the new norm, so to speak. With this change comes a declining reliance on older SOAs like COBRA, a push toward more s...
Small teams are more effective. The general agreement is that anything from 5 to 12 is the 'right' small. But of course small teams will also have 'small' throughput - relatively speaking. So if your demand is X and the throughput of a small team is X/10, you probably need 10 teams to meet that demand. But more teams also mean more effort to coordinate and align their efforts in the same direction. So, the challenge is how to harness the power of small teams and yet orchestrate multiples of them...
Much of the discussion around cloud DevOps focuses on the speed with which companies need to get new code into production. This focus is important – because in an increasingly digital marketplace, new code enables new value propositions. New code is also often essential for maintaining competitive parity with market innovators. But new code doesn’t just have to deliver the functionality the business requires. It also has to behave well because the behavior of code in the cloud affects performan...
Struggling to keep up with increasing application demand? Learn how Platform as a Service (PaaS) can streamline application development processes and make resource management easy.
If there is anything we have learned by now, is that every business paves their own unique path for releasing software- every pipeline, implementation and practices are a bit different, and DevOps comes in all shapes and sizes. Software delivery practices are often comprised of set of several complementing (or even competing) methodologies – such as leveraging Agile, DevOps and even a mix of ITIL, to create the combination that’s most suitable for your organization and that maximize your busines...
Digital means customer preferences and behavior are driving enterprise technology decisions to be sure, but let’s not forget our employees. After all, when we say customer, we mean customer writ large, including partners, supply chain participants, and yes, those salaried denizens whose daily labor forms the cornerstone of the enterprise. While your customers bask in the warm rays of your digital efforts, are your employees toiling away in the dark recesses of your enterprise, pecking data into...
You deployed your app with the Bluemix PaaS and it's gaining some serious traction, so it's time to make some tweaks. Did you design your application in a way that it can scale in the cloud? Were you even thinking about the cloud when you built the app? If not, chances are your app is going to break. Check out this webcast to learn various techniques for designing applications that will scale successfully in Bluemix, for the confidence you need to take your apps to the next level and beyond.