Welcome!

SOA & WOA Authors: Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, Vincent Brasseur, Ignacio M. Llorente, Natalie Lerner

Related Topics: SOA & WOA, .NET, Virtualization, Web 2.0, Security

SOA & WOA: Blog Feed Post

Context Aware Data Privacy | Part 2

So you need to protect your data at rest

If you missed my Part 1 of this article, you can read it here when you get a chance (link).

As a continuation to part 1, where I discussed the issues with Data Protection, we will explore how to solve some of those issues in this article.

People tend to forget that hackers are attacking your systems for one reason only –  DATA. You can spin that any way you want, but at the end of the day, they are not attacking your systems to see how you configured your workflow or how efficiently you processed your orders. They could care less. They are looking for the golden nuggets of information that either they can either resell or use to gain some other kind of monetary advantage. Your files, databases, data in transit, storage data, archived data, etc. are all vulnerable and will be of value to the hacker.

Gone are the old days when someone was sitting in mom’s basement and hacking into US military systems to boast about their ability amongst a small group of friends. Remember Wargames,  the movie?  Modern day hackers are very sophisticated, well-funded, often in for-profit organizations, and are backed by either big organized cyber gangs or by other entities within their respective organizations.

So you need to protect your data at rest (regardless of how the old data is – as a matter of fact, the older the data, the chances are, they are less protected), data in motion (going from somewhere to somewhere – whether it is between processes, services, between enterprises, or into/from the cloud or to storage), data in process/usage. You need to protect your data with your life.

Let us closely examine the things I said in my last blog (Part 1 of this blog), the things that are a must for a cloud data privacy solution.

More importantly, let us examine the elegance of our data privacy gateways (code named: Intel ETB – Expressway Tokenization Broker) that can help you with this costly, scary, mind-numbing experience go easily and smoothly. Here are the following elements that are embedded in our solution that are going to make your problem go away sooner.

1. Security of your sensitive message processing device
As they say, Caesar’s wife must be above suspicion (did you know Caesar divorced his wife in 62 BC). What is the point of having a security device that inspects your crucial traffic, if it can’t be trusted? You need to put in a solution/devices where a vendor  can make assertions regarding security and have the necessary certifications  to back up those claims. This means that a third party validation agency should have tested the solution and certified it to be ‘kosher enough’ for an enterprise, data center or cloud location. The certification must include FIPS 140-2 Level 3, CC EAL 4+, DoD PKI, STIG vulnerability tested, NIST SP 800-21, and support for HSM, etc. The validation must come from recognized authorities, not just from the vendor.

2. Support for multiple protocols
When you are looking to protect your data, it is imperative that you choose a solution that not only can handle the HTTP/ HTTPS/ SOAP, JSON, AJAX and REST protocols. In addition, you need to consider whether the solution supports all standard protocols known to the enterprise/cloud, with “Legacy” protocols such as JMS, MQ, EMS, FTP, TCP/IP (and secure versions of all of the above) and JDBC. More importantly, you also need to determine whether the solution can speak industry standard protocols natively such as SWIFT, ACORD, FIX, HL-7, MLLP, etc. You also need to look at whether or not the solution has the capability of supporting  other custom protocols that you might have. The solution you are looking at should give you the flexibility of inspecting your ingress and egress traffic regardless of how your traffic flows.

3. Able to read into anything
This is an interesting concept. I was listening to one of our competitor’s webcasts… there was complete silence when what appeared to be a dreaded question, was asked of the person speaking on behalf of that company: “How do you help me protect  a specific format of data that I use in transactions with a partner?” Without hesitation, the presenter answered the question by  suggesting their solution lacked support for it. While I’m not trying to be unnecessarily abrasive, the point is that you should have the capability to be able to look into any format of data that is flowing into, or out of, your system when the necessity arises. This means that you should be able to inspect not only XML, SOAP, JSON, and other modern format messages. A solution should be able to retrofit your existing legacy systems to provide the same level of support. Message formats such as COBOL (oh yes, we will be doing a Y10K on this all-right), ASCII, Binary, EBCDIC, and other unstructured data streams that are of equal importance. Sprinkle in the industry format messages such as SWIFT, NACHA, HIPAA, HL7, EDI, ACORD, EDIFACT, FIX, FpML to make the scenario interesting. But don’t forget our good old messages that can be sent in conventional ways such as MS Word, MS Excel, PDF, PostScript and good old HTML, etc. You need a solution that can look into any of these data types and help you protect the data in those messages seamlessly.

4. Have an option to sense not only the sensitive nature of the message, but who is requesting it and on what context and from where
This is where we started our discussion. Essentially, you should be able to not only identify data that is sensitive,  but take necessary actions based on the context. Intention, or heuristics, are a lot more important than just sensing something that is going out, or in. So this essentially means you should be able to sense who is accessing what, when, from where, and more importantly from what device. Once you identify that, you should be able to able to determine how you may want to protect that data. For example, if a person is accessing specific data from a laptop from within the corporate network, you can let the data go with the transport security, assuming he has enough rights to access that data. But if the same person is trying to access the same data using a mobile device, you can tokenize the data and send only the token to the mobile device. (This allows you to solve the problem where location is unknown as well. ) All conditions being the same, the tokenization will occur based on a policy that senses that the request came from a mobile device.

5. Have an option to dynamically tokenize, encrypt, format preserve the encryption based on the need
This will allow you to be flexible to encrypt certain messages/ fields, tokenize certain messages/ fields or employ FPE on certain messages. While you are at it, don’t forget to read my blog on why Intel’s implementation of the FPE variation is one of strongest in the industry here.

6. Support the strongest possible algorithms to encrypt, storage, and use the most random possible random number for tokenization
Not only should you verify the solution has strong encryption algorithm options available out of the box (such as AES-256, SHA 256, etc.), but you should also ensure that the solutions delivers cutting edge security options when they become available – including support for the latest security updates.

7. Protect the encryption keys with your life. There is no point in encrypting the data, yet giving away the “Keys to the Kingdom” easily
Now this is the most important point of all. If there is one thing you take away from this article let this be it: When you are looking at solutions, make sure that not only that a solution is strong on all of the above points, but most importantly, ensure that you  protect the proverbial keys with your life. This means the key storage should be encrypted, and  should be capable of having: an SOD (separation of duties), key encrypting keys, strong key management options, key rotation, re-key options when the keys need to be rotated/expired or lost, key protection, key lifetime management, key expiration notifications, etc. In addition, you also need to explore if there is an option to integrate with your existing key manager in house such as RSA DPM (the last thing you need is to disrupt the existing infrastructure by introducing a newer technology).

8. Encrypt the message while preserving the format so it won’t break the backend systems
This is really important if you want to do the tokenization or encryption on the fly without the backend or connected client applications knowing about it. When you encrypt the data and  preserve its format, it will not only look and feel the same as the original data, but the receiving party won’t be able to tell the difference.

If you are wondering Intel comes into the picture in this area, we address of all of the discussion points mentioned in #1 to #8, with our Intel Cloud data privacy solution (a.k.a. Intel ETB – Expressway Token Broker) and a lot more. Every single standard that is mentioned in here  is supported, and we are working on adding the newer, better standards as they come along.

Check out information about our tokenization and cloud data privacy solutions here.

Intel Cloud Data Privacy/ Tokenization Solutions

Intel Cloud/ API resource center

I also encourage you to download the Intel Expressway Tokenization Broker Data Sheet:

 

Andy Thurai — Chief Architect & Group CTO, Application Security and Identity Products, Intel

Andy Thurai is Chief Architect and Group CTO of Application Security and Identity Products with Intel, where he is responsible for architecting SOA, Cloud, Mobile, Big Data, Governance, Security, and Identity solutions for their major corporate customers. In his role, he is responsible for helping Intel/McAfee field sales, technical teams and customer executives. Prior to this role, he has held technology architecture leadership and executive positions with L-1 Identity Solutions, IBM (Datapower), BMC, CSC, and Nortel. His interests and expertise include Cloud, SOA, identity management, security, governance, and SaaS. He holds a degree in Electrical and Electronics engineering and has over 25+ years of IT experience.

He blogs regularly at www.thurai.net/securityblog on Security, SOA, Identity, Governance and Cloud topics. You can also find him on LinkedIn at http://www.linkedin.com/in/andythurai

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Andy Thurai

Andy Thurai is Chief Architect and Group CTO of Application Security and Identity Products with Intel, where he is responsible for architecting SOA, Cloud, Mobile, Big Data, Governance, Security, and Identity solutions for their major corporate customers. In his role, he is responsible for helping Intel/McAfee field sales, technical teams and customer executives. Prior to this role, he has held technology architecture leadership and executive positions with L-1 Identity Solutions, IBM (Datapower), BMC, CSC, and Nortel. His interests and expertise include Cloud, SOA, identity management, security, governance, and SaaS. He holds a degree in Electrical and Electronics engineering and has over 25+ years of IT experience.

He blogs regularly at www.thurai.net/securityblog on Security, SOA, Identity, Governance and Cloud topics. You can also find him on LinkedIn at http://www.linkedin.com/in/andythurai

@ThingsExpo Stories
Connected devices and the Internet of Things are getting significant momentum in 2014. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Hunter, Chief Scientist & Technology Evangelist at Greenwave Systems, examined three key elements that together will drive mass adoption of the IoT before the end of 2015. The first element is the recent advent of robust open source protocols (like AllJoyn and WebRTC) that facilitate M2M communication. The second is broad availability of flexible, cost-effective storage designed to handle the massive surge in back-end data in a world where timely analytics is e...
How do APIs and IoT relate? The answer is not as simple as merely adding an API on top of a dumb device, but rather about understanding the architectural patterns for implementing an IoT fabric. There are typically two or three trends: Exposing the device to a management framework Exposing that management framework to a business centric logic Exposing that business layer and data to end users. This last trend is the IoT stack, which involves a new shift in the separation of what stuff happens, where data lives and where the interface lies. For instance, it's a mix of architectural styles ...
The Internet of Things will put IT to its ultimate test by creating infinite new opportunities to digitize products and services, generate and analyze new data to improve customer satisfaction, and discover new ways to gain a competitive advantage across nearly every industry. In order to help corporate business units to capitalize on the rapidly evolving IoT opportunities, IT must stand up to a new set of challenges. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jeff Kaplan, Managing Director of THINKstrategies, will examine why IT must finally fulfill its role in support of its SBUs or face a new round of...
We are reaching the end of the beginning with WebRTC, and real systems using this technology have begun to appear. One challenge that faces every WebRTC deployment (in some form or another) is identity management. For example, if you have an existing service – possibly built on a variety of different PaaS/SaaS offerings – and you want to add real-time communications you are faced with a challenge relating to user management, authentication, authorization, and validation. Service providers will want to use their existing identities, but these will have credentials already that are (hopefully) i...
Cultural, regulatory, environmental, political and economic (CREPE) conditions over the past decade are creating cross-industry solution spaces that require processes and technologies from both the Internet of Things (IoT), and Data Management and Analytics (DMA). These solution spaces are evolving into Sensor Analytics Ecosystems (SAE) that represent significant new opportunities for organizations of all types. Public Utilities throughout the world, providing electricity, natural gas and water, are pursuing SmartGrid initiatives that represent one of the more mature examples of SAE. We have s...
"Matrix is an ambitious open standard and implementation that's set up to break down the fragmentation problems that exist in IP messaging and VoIP communication," explained John Woolf, Technical Evangelist at Matrix, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The Internet of Things will greatly expand the opportunities for data collection and new business models driven off of that data. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Esmeralda Swartz, CMO of MetraTech, discussed how for this to be effective you not only need to have infrastructure and operational models capable of utilizing this new phenomenon, but increasingly service providers will need to convince a skeptical public to participate. Get ready to show them the money!
One of the biggest challenges when developing connected devices is identifying user value and delivering it through successful user experiences. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Mike Kuniavsky, Principal Scientist, Innovation Services at PARC, described an IoT-specific approach to user experience design that combines approaches from interaction design, industrial design and service design to create experiences that go beyond simple connected gadgets to create lasting, multi-device experiences grounded in people's real needs and desires.
P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Robin Raymond, Chief Architect at Hookflash, will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone and voice services ...
Scott Jenson leads a project called The Physical Web within the Chrome team at Google. Project members are working to take the scalability and openness of the web and use it to talk to the exponentially exploding range of smart devices. Nearly every company today working on the IoT comes up with the same basic solution: use my server and you'll be fine. But if we really believe there will be trillions of these devices, that just can't scale. We need a system that is open a scalable and by using the URL as a basic building block, we open this up and get the same resilience that the web enjoys.
The Internet of Things is tied together with a thin strand that is known as time. Coincidentally, at the core of nearly all data analytics is a timestamp. When working with time series data there are a few core principles that everyone should consider, especially across datasets where time is the common boundary. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Scott, Director of Enterprise Strategy & Architecture at MapR Technologies, discussed single-value, geo-spatial, and log time series data. By focusing on enterprise applications and the data center, he will use OpenTSDB as an example t...
The Domain Name Service (DNS) is one of the most important components in networking infrastructure, enabling users and services to access applications by translating URLs (names) into IP addresses (numbers). Because every icon and URL and all embedded content on a website requires a DNS lookup loading complex sites necessitates hundreds of DNS queries. In addition, as more internet-enabled ‘Things' get connected, people will rely on DNS to name and find their fridges, toasters and toilets. According to a recent IDG Research Services Survey this rate of traffic will only grow. What's driving t...
Enthusiasm for the Internet of Things has reached an all-time high. In 2013 alone, venture capitalists spent more than $1 billion dollars investing in the IoT space. With "smart" appliances and devices, IoT covers wearable smart devices, cloud services to hardware companies. Nest, a Google company, detects temperatures inside homes and automatically adjusts it by tracking its user's habit. These technologies are quickly developing and with it come challenges such as bridging infrastructure gaps, abiding by privacy concerns and making the concept a reality. These challenges can't be addressed w...
Explosive growth in connected devices. Enormous amounts of data for collection and analysis. Critical use of data for split-second decision making and actionable information. All three are factors in making the Internet of Things a reality. Yet, any one factor would have an IT organization pondering its infrastructure strategy. How should your organization enhance its IT framework to enable an Internet of Things implementation? In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, James Kirkland, Chief Architect for the Internet of Things and Intelligent Systems at Red Hat, described how to revolutioniz...
Bit6 today issued a challenge to the technology community implementing Web Real Time Communication (WebRTC). To leap beyond WebRTC’s significant limitations and fully leverage its underlying value to accelerate innovation, application developers need to consider the entire communications ecosystem.
The definition of IoT is not new, in fact it’s been around for over a decade. What has changed is the public's awareness that the technology we use on a daily basis has caught up on the vision of an always on, always connected world. If you look into the details of what comprises the IoT, you’ll see that it includes everything from cloud computing, Big Data analytics, “Things,” Web communication, applications, network, storage, etc. It is essentially including everything connected online from hardware to software, or as we like to say, it’s an Internet of many different things. The difference ...
Cloud Expo 2014 TV commercials will feature @ThingsExpo, which was launched in June, 2014 at New York City's Javits Center as the largest 'Internet of Things' event in the world.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Windstream, a leading provider of advanced network and cloud communications, has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9–11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Windstream (Nasdaq: WIN), a FORTUNE 500 and S&P 500 company, is a leading provider of advanced network communications, including cloud computing and managed services, to businesses nationwide. The company also offers broadband, phone and digital TV services to consumers primarily in rural areas.
"There is a natural synchronization between the business models, the IoT is there to support ,” explained Brendan O'Brien, Co-founder and Chief Architect of Aria Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at the 15th International Cloud Expo®, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The major cloud platforms defy a simple, side-by-side analysis. Each of the major IaaS public-cloud platforms offers their own unique strengths and functionality. Options for on-site private cloud are diverse as well, and must be designed and deployed while taking existing legacy architecture and infrastructure into account. Then the reality is that most enterprises are embarking on a hybrid cloud strategy and programs. In this Power Panel at 15th Cloud Expo (http://www.CloudComputingExpo.com), moderated by Ashar Baig, Research Director, Cloud, at Gigaom Research, Nate Gordon, Director of T...