Welcome!

Microservices Expo Authors: Miska Kaipiainen, Automic Blog, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Sematext Blog

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Java IoT, Mobile IoT, Microservices Expo, Containers Expo Blog, Agile Computing

@CloudExpo: Article

4G World: Clouds with 1000x More Capacity

Gigabit speed to Smartphones and tablets is not a future goal; it should be a strict design spec for any network being built out

In the initial presentations at the 4G World Conference in Chicago's McCormick Place this week, several executive insights from Verizon, Nokia, Telstra, IBM, and others focus on the need to expand speeds and network capacities. One talked about the need to expand networks in order to handle 1000X the current traffic

The 4G World Conference is one of the best conferences to go to if you are concerned with the future of wireless because there are many corporate perspectives represented there. Besides hearing some of the strategic directions industry leaders are taking, you can also see a lot of the latest technology offerings in the exposition hall.

Everyone was talking about the need to move more data through the wireless networks. 4G Networks can really facilitate addressing that need.

At this point, data is being described in gigabytes of storage. One executive from Nokia said that the average data per person used is one gigabyte a day. That might be low, but it was a good talking point.

He gave a good example of gigabyte comparisons:

What Is a Gigabyte of Storage?

1 Gigabyte of storage =

2 hours of Streaming video

1 Gigabyte of storage =

200 Songs

1 Gigabyte of storage =

1,000 Digital Books

1 Gigabyte of storage =

4,000 Facebook pictures

1 Gigabyte of storage =

50,000 EMails

Need for Speed: I Knew That
Another executive at the opening sessions of the conference said that the wireless network needs to be upgraded to handle more calls that are sending and receiving video-based applications. Hmmm... tell us something we don't know.

Video traffic has been burying some of the network carriers and is also a large concern at venues with a large concentration of users, like stadiums and sport arenas.

In order to support that surge in traffic, more infrastructure is required. More "traffic demand" equals more "infrastructure demand" which equals more "capital expenditures".

The new executive buzzword seemed to be "liquid." We need "liquid network architecture". We need adaptability and "liquid" radio.

It seemed like we were hearing more buzzwords and euphemisms to disguise the real issue: The network needs to be thoroughly overhauled in order to support the explosive growth of traffic generated by smartphones, tablets, and other wireless devices that engineers did not account for in early designs.

For years, network engineers for the incumbent carriers have been very shortsighted in their designs to accommodate a geometric growth in traffic generated by smartphones and other next-generation devices, like tablets. Now, there is a rush to try to remedy that.

Several years ago, I wrote about having 1 Gigabit per second (1Gbps) speeds to the end user both on landlines as well as handheld wireless devices. Some thought that was overkill, now they wish they started engineering the network for that type of speed because that's what needed today.

What Happened to Standards?
Since the Bell System Divestiture of 1984, we have gotten away from strict standards on the network - and it shows. What consumers want out of phones and tablets is consistency. Consistency comes from adhering to strict standards on network design and delivery of services.

When I started at Bell Telephone Laboratories in the late 1970s, there was a strong focus on quality and the adherence of network-wide standards as to network design, implementation and operations. After the divestiture, some of the carriers started to go in their own directions and a strict focus on uniform standards was lost.

We are paying for that loss now as we have fallen behind and now need to catch up. What good are new applications if they cannot work properly across all carriers?

Now, there is talk of getting back to standards in order to facilitate rapid deployment of new applications and services.

Verizon offers an Innovation Program that provides access to Verizon expertise in order to collaborate to develop and deploy new services and applications. Rather than have a developer design a new application but not have them test it out on the network, Verizon will partner with a developer and take them through additional steps in order to get a new application out to incubation, rapid prototyping, product optimization and turn-key solution enablement.

It sounds more promising than the old approach of keeping everything "proprietary."

A large industry initiative, like the retail industry's recent MCX (Merchant Customer Exchange) announcement, is the perfect candidate for this type of collaboration with the carrier.

How Do We Get 1000x More Network?
Here is a simplification of what was discussed by the Nokia executive when it came to explaining how we are to get to 1000 times the capacity.

10 X

IMPROVEMENT IN SPECTRAL EFFICIENCY/ ALLOCATION

10 X

MORE SITES

(Use of small sites)

10 X

MORE EFFICIENCY

(Manage intercell interference)

As you can see, a lot was discussed in the first day of the conference. Real cloud infrastructure needs to be made up of robust, standardized components that must provide consistency to allow maximum usability and not just represent the billowing exhaust of sales executives trying to impress the crowd with smoky euphemisms.

•   •   •

Copyright 2012 - James Carlini

More Stories By James Carlini

James Carlini, MBA, a certified Infrastructure Consultant, keynote speaker and former award-winning Adjunct Professor at Northwestern University, has advised on mission-critical networks. Clients include the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, GLOBEX, and City of Chicago’s 911 Center. An expert witness in civil and federal courts on network infrastructure, he has worked with AT&T, Sprint and others.

Follow daily Carlini-isms at www.twitter.com/JAMESCARLINI

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@MicroservicesExpo Stories
Let's recap what we learned from the previous chapters in the series: episode 1 and episode 2. We learned that a good rollback mechanism cannot be designed without having an intimate knowledge of the application architecture, the nature of your components and their dependencies. Now that we know what we have to restore and in which order, the question is how?
All clouds are not equal. To succeed in a DevOps context, organizations should plan to develop/deploy apps across a choice of on-premise and public clouds simultaneously depending on the business needs. This is where the concept of the Lean Cloud comes in - resting on the idea that you often need to relocate your app modules over their life cycles for both innovation and operational efficiency in the cloud. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at19th Cloud Expo, Valentin (Val) Bercovici, CTO of So...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Commvault, a global leader in enterprise data protection and information management, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Commvault is a leading provider of data protection and information management solutions, helping companies worldwide activate their data to drive more value and business insight and to transform moder...
SYS-CON Events announced today that eCube Systems, a leading provider of middleware modernization, integration, and management solutions, will exhibit at @DevOpsSummit at 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. eCube Systems offers a family of middleware evolution products and services that maximize return on technology investment by leveraging existing technical equity to meet evolving business needs. ...
SYS-CON Events has announced today that Roger Strukhoff has been named conference chair of Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo 2016 Silicon Valley. The 19th Cloud Expo and 6th @ThingsExpo will take place on November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. "The Internet of Things brings trillions of dollars of opportunity to developers and enterprise IT, no matter how you measure it," stated Roger Strukhoff. "More importantly, it leverages the power of devices and the Interne...
Whether they’re located in a public, private, or hybrid cloud environment, cloud technologies are constantly evolving. While the innovation is exciting, the end mission of delivering business value and rapidly producing incremental product features is paramount. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 19th Cloud Expo, Kiran Chitturi, CTO Architect at Sungard AS, will discuss DevOps culture, its evolution of frameworks and technologies, and how it is achieving maturity. He will also cover various st...
Monitoring of Docker environments is challenging. Why? Because each container typically runs a single process, has its own environment, utilizes virtual networks, or has various methods of managing storage. Traditional monitoring solutions take metrics from each server and applications they run. These servers and applications running on them are typically very static, with very long uptimes. Docker deployments are different: a set of containers may run many applications, all sharing the resource...
Video experiences should be unique and exciting! But that doesn’t mean you need to patch all the pieces yourself. Users demand rich and engaging experiences and new ways to connect with you. But creating robust video applications at scale can be complicated, time-consuming and expensive. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Zohar Babin, Vice President of Platform, Ecosystem and Community at Kaltura, will discuss how VPaaS enables you to move fast, creating scalable video experiences that reach your...
19th Cloud Expo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterpri...
SYS-CON Events announced today the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp, being held November 1-2, 2016, in conjunction with 19th Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp is not just based on presentations but with hands-on demos and detailed walkthroughs. We will introduce you to a variety of real world use cases prototyped using Arduino, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBone, Spark, and Intel Edison. Y...
In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Lee Atchison, Principal Cloud Architect and Advocate at New Relic, discussed cloud as a ‘better data center’ and how it adds new capacity (faster) and improves application availability (redundancy). The cloud is a ‘Dynamic Tool for Dynamic Apps’ and resource allocation is an integral part of your application architecture, so use only the resources you need and allocate /de-allocate resources on the fly.
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - comp...
The many IoT deployments around the world are busy integrating smart devices and sensors into their enterprise IT infrastructures. Yet all of this technology – and there are an amazing number of choices – is of no use without the software to gather, communicate, and analyze the new data flows. Without software, there is no IT. In this power panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists will look at the protocols that communicate data and the emerging data analy...
This digest provides an overview of good resources that are well worth reading. We’ll be updating this page as new content becomes available, so I suggest you bookmark it. Also, expect more digests to come on different topics that make all of our IT-hearts go boom!
DevOps at Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long dev...
In this strange new world where more and more power is drawn from business technology, companies are effectively straddling two paths on the road to innovation and transformation into digital enterprises. The first path is the heritage trail – with “legacy” technology forming the background. Here, extant technologies are transformed by core IT teams to provide more API-driven approaches. Legacy systems can restrict companies that are transitioning into digital enterprises. To truly become a lea...
The Jevons Paradox suggests that when technological advances increase efficiency of a resource, it results in an overall increase in consumption. Writing on the increased use of coal as a result of technological improvements, 19th-century economist William Stanley Jevons found that these improvements led to the development of new ways to utilize coal. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Mark Thiele, Chief Strategy Officer for Apcera, will compare the Jevons Paradox to modern-day enterprise IT, e...
Information technology is an industry that has always experienced change, and the dramatic change sweeping across the industry today could not be truthfully described as the first time we've seen such widespread change impacting customer investments. However, the rate of the change, and the potential outcomes from today's digital transformation has the distinct potential to separate the industry into two camps: Organizations that see the change coming, embrace it, and successful leverage it; and...
SYS-CON Events announced today that LeaseWeb USA, a cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) provider, will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. LeaseWeb is one of the world's largest hosting brands. The company helps customers define, develop and deploy IT infrastructure tailored to their exact business needs, by combining various kinds cloud solutions.
DevOps at Cloud Expo – being held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA – announces that its Call for Papers is open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises – and delivering real results. Am...