Welcome!

Microservices Expo Authors: Yeshim Deniz, Kevin Jackson, Jason Bloomberg, Kong Yang, Mark Leake

Related Topics: Java IoT, Microservices Expo, IBM Cloud, Machine Learning , Apache

Java IoT: Article

Enterprise Framework Service for WebSphere Datapower

Minimize the exposure of ports and their configuration on firewall

Create Enterprise Framework Service:
Perform the following steps to create an Enterprise Framework Service, called EnterpriseFrameworkServiceMPGW, in Datapower.
1-    Create two loopback Services using XML Firewall:
1.a.    ServiceA
1.b.    serviceB

2-    Create the following 3 files
2.a.    Create EnvironmentConfig.xml. This file contains the environment value, so the incoming request is assign to right backend.

2.b.    Create EnvironmentConfig.xslt. This XSLT file read value from the EnvironmentConfig.xml and set the environment variable.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<xsl:stylesheet xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"

version="1.0"

xmlns:dp="http://www.datapower.com/extensions"

extension-element-prefixes="dp"

exclude-result-prefixes="xalan dp"

xmlns:xalan="http://xml.apache.org/xslt">

<xsl:template match="/">

<xsl:variable name="masterConfig" select="document('local:///EnvironmentConfig.xml')"/>

<dp:set-variable name="'var://context/wp/environment'" value="normalize-space($masterConfig/config/environment/text())"/>

</xsl:template>

</xsl:stylesheet>

 

2.c.    Create EnterpriseFrameworkRouter.xslt. This XSLT file constructs the backend URL by preserving the incoming URI and reading the target host
information from the config.xml of that service.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"

xmlns:dp="http://www.datapower.com/extensions"

extension-element-prefixes="dp" exclude-result-prefixes="dp">

<xsl:template match="/">

<xsl:copy-of select="."/>

<xsl:variable name="incomingURI">

<xsl:value-of select="dp:variable('var://service/URI')"/>

</xsl:variable>

<xsl:variable name="tempVar">

<xsl:value-of select="substring-after($incomingURI,'/')"/>

</xsl:variable>

<xsl:variable name="serviceName">

<xsl:if test="contains($tempVar,'/')">

<xsl:value-of select="substring-before($tempVar,'/')"/>

</xsl:if>

<xsl:if test="not(contains($tempVar,'/'))">

<xsl:value-of select="$tempVar"/>

</xsl:if>

</xsl:variable>

<xsl:param name="hostAddr" select="'local:///'"/>

<xsl:variable name="remoteURL" select="concat($hostAddr,'/xml/',$serviceName,'/config.xml')"/>

<xsl:variable name="environment" select="dp:variable('var://context/wp/environment')"/>

<xsl:variable name="config" select="document($remoteURL)" />

<xsl:variable name="serviceDestination">

<xsl:copy-of select="$config/EnterpriseFrameworkDestinationList/serviceDestination[@environment=$environment]"/>

</xsl:variable>

<dp:set-variable name="'var://service/routing-url'" value="concat($serviceDestination,$incomingURI)"/>

</xsl:template>

</xsl:stylesheet>

 

 

3-    Upload these files to Datapower
3.a.    Create “xslt” folder and upload both xslt files there
3.b.    Upload “EnvironmentConfig.xml” to “local:///

 

4-    Create a Multi-Protocol Gateway (MPGW) named,  EnterpriseFrameworkMPGW with:
4.a.    Dynamic backend
4.b.    Request and Response type to Non-xml

 

5-    Create a front side handler, name it EnterpriseFrameworkFSH and assign port number to “81

 

6-    Create a new policy, EnterpriseFrameworkPolicy, and add following rules:
6.a.    Create a new rule for “Client to Server” and with two Transform actions
6.a.i.    Assign EnvironmentConfig.xslt to the first Transform action, make sure the Output set to NULL

 

6.a.ii.    Assign EnterpriseFrameworkRouter.xslt to the second Transform action, make sure Output set to NULL

 

6.b.    Create a new rule for “Server to Client” without any actions
6.c.    Overall EnterpriseFrameworkPolicy should look like this:

6.d.    Apply the Policy and close the window

7-    The EnterpriseFrameworkMPGW should look like this:  Save the configuration.

 

Integrate the Existing or New Services to the Enterprise Framework:

In order to incorporate the existing or new service in to the Enterprise Framework
1-    Create folder with the name of the service as a folder name under local:///xml/

 

2-    Create the following config.xml for serviceA
2.a.    The config.xml file for serviceA, which contains the IP address or hostname for each environment and  the port where serviceA is running

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<EnterpriseFrameworkDestinationList>

<serviceDestination environment="DEV">http://192.168.136.145:2048</serviceDestination>

<serviceDestination environment="QA">http://192.168.136.146:2048</serviceDestination>

<serviceDestination environment="PROD">http://192.168.136.147:2048</serviceDestination>

</EnterpriseFrameworkDestinationList>

 

 

3-    Upload the config.xml file at “local:///xml/serviceA” folder

 

4-    Create the similar config.xml for serviceB with serviceB’s hosts for each environment and assigned port

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<EnterpriseFrameworkDestinationList>

<serviceDestination environment="DEV">http://192.168.136.145:2049</serviceDestination>

<serviceDestination environment="QA">http://192.168.136.146:2049</serviceDestination>

<serviceDestination environment="PROD">http://192.168.136.147:2049</serviceDestination>

</EnterpriseFrameworkDestinationList>

 

5-    Upload the config.xml file at local:///xml/serviceB folder

6-    Every time a new service need to be integrated to Enterprise Framework, a config file need to be created for that service with values
of hostname/IP address and the port number where the service is installed. Nothing needs to be done on the EnterpriseFrameworkMPGW at all.

7-    For every incoming request EnterpriseFrameworkRouter.xslt (installed in the EnterpriseFrameworkMPGW) parse the URI and look for the
config.xml file for that service. If the service is not installed then there will be no xml/config file for that service.

Testing / Verification:

1-    Enabled the probes on serviceAFW and serviceBFW
2-    From the SOAP UI send the following test message for serviceA (http://<hostname>:81/serviceA)

3-    You should see the response back

4-    From the serviceA probe.  Notice the values of inbound-url and outbound-url.

5-    Now, send the request for serviceB  (http://<hostname>:81/serviceB)

6-    From the serviceB probe.  Notice the values of inbound-url and outbound-url.

7-    From the EnterpriseFrameworkMPGW Probe, you can see the requests are directed to their respective services. Notice the values of inbound-url and outbound-url.

Conclusion:
By implementing the Enterprise Framework Service to any WebSphere Datapower environment, it helps to streamline the development of
new services inside Datapower.  Datapower administrators do not need to deal with firewall and network configuration whenever a new
service is implemented on its appliances.  The framework also does not allow exposing any additional ports outside the network.

More Stories By Asim Saddal

Asim Saddal works in the Middleware (WebSphere Application Server, WebSphere Datapower, WebSphere Process Server, WebSphere VE) practice of IBM Software Services for WebSphere.

@MicroservicesExpo Stories
There's a lot to gain from cloud computing, but success requires a thoughtful and enterprise focused approach. Cloud computing decouples data and information from the infrastructure on which it lies. A process that is a LOT more involved than dragging some folders from your desktop to a shared drive. Cloud computing as a mission transformation activity, not a technological one. As an organization moves from local information hosting to the cloud, one of the most important challenges is addressi...
In the decade following his article, cloud computing further cemented Carr’s perspective. Compute, storage, and network resources have become simple utilities, available at the proverbial turn of the faucet. The value they provide is immense, but the cloud playing field is amazingly level. Carr’s quote above presaged the cloud to a T. Today, however, we’re in the digital era. Mark Andreesen’s ‘software is eating the world’ prognostication is coming to pass, as enterprises realize they must be...
Hybrid IT is today’s reality, and while its implementation may seem daunting at times, more and more organizations are migrating to the cloud. In fact, according to SolarWinds 2017 IT Trends Index: Portrait of a Hybrid IT Organization 95 percent of organizations have migrated crucial applications to the cloud in the past year. As such, it’s in every IT professional’s best interest to know what to expect.
Both SaaS vendors and SaaS buyers are going “all-in” to hyperscale IaaS platforms such as AWS, which is disrupting the SaaS value proposition. Why should the enterprise SaaS consumer pay for the SaaS service if their data is resident in adjacent AWS S3 buckets? If both SaaS sellers and buyers are using the same cloud tools, automation and pay-per-transaction model offered by IaaS platforms, then why not host the “shrink-wrapped” software in the customers’ cloud? Further, serverless computing, cl...
A common misconception about the cloud is that one size fits all. Companies expecting to run all of their operations using one cloud solution or service must realize that doing so is akin to forcing the totality of their business functionality into a straightjacket. Unlocking the full potential of the cloud means embracing the multi-cloud future where businesses use their own cloud, and/or clouds from different vendors, to support separate functions or product groups. There is no single cloud so...
The taxi industry never saw Uber coming. Startups are a threat to incumbents like never before, and a major enabler for startups is that they are instantly “cloud ready.” If innovation moves at the pace of IT, then your company is in trouble. Why? Because your data center will not keep up with frenetic pace AWS, Microsoft and Google are rolling out new capabilities. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Don Browning, VP of Cloud Architecture at Turner, posited that disruption is inevitable for comp...
"We are a monitoring company. We work with Salesforce, BBC, and quite a few other big logos. We basically provide monitoring for them, structure for their cloud services and we fit into the DevOps world" explained David Gildeh, Co-founder and CEO of Outlyer, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps Summit at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
In 2014, Amazon announced a new form of compute called Lambda. We didn't know it at the time, but this represented a fundamental shift in what we expect from cloud computing. Now, all of the major cloud computing vendors want to take part in this disruptive technology. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Doug Vanderweide, an instructor at Linux Academy, discussed why major players like AWS, Microsoft Azure, IBM Bluemix, and Google Cloud Platform are all trying to sidestep VMs and containers wit...
Companies have always been concerned that traditional enterprise software is slow and complex to install, often disrupting critical and time-sensitive operations during roll-out. With the growing need to integrate new digital technologies into the enterprise to transform business processes, this concern has become even more pressing. A 2016 Panorama Consulting Solutions study revealed that enterprise resource planning (ERP) projects took an average of 21 months to install, with 57 percent of th...
"When we talk about cloud without compromise what we're talking about is that when people think about 'I need the flexibility of the cloud' - it's the ability to create applications and run them in a cloud environment that's far more flexible,” explained Matthew Finnie, CTO of Interoute, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
New competitors, disruptive technologies, and growing expectations are pushing every business to both adopt and deliver new digital services. This ‘Digital Transformation’ demands rapid delivery and continuous iteration of new competitive services via multiple channels, which in turn demands new service delivery techniques – including DevOps. In this power panel at @DevOpsSummit 20th Cloud Expo, moderated by DevOps Conference Co-Chair Andi Mann, panelists examined how DevOps helps to meet the de...
For most organizations, the move to hybrid cloud is now a question of when, not if. Fully 82% of enterprises plan to have a hybrid cloud strategy this year, according to Infoholic Research. The worldwide hybrid cloud computing market is expected to grow about 34% annually over the next five years, reaching $241.13 billion by 2022. Companies are embracing hybrid cloud because of the many advantages it offers compared to relying on a single provider for all of their cloud needs. Hybrid offers bala...
@DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo taking place Oct 31 - Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with the 21st International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is ...
What's the role of an IT self-service portal when you get to continuous delivery and Infrastructure as Code? This general session showed how to create the continuous delivery culture and eight accelerators for leading the change. Don Demcsak is a DevOps and Cloud Native Modernization Principal for Dell EMC based out of New Jersey. He is a former, long time, Microsoft Most Valuable Professional, specializing in building and architecting Application Delivery Pipelines for hybrid legacy, and cloud ...
Containers, microservices and DevOps are all the rage lately. You can read about how great they are and how they’ll change your life and the industry everywhere. So naturally when we started a new company and were deciding how to architect our app, we went with microservices, containers and DevOps. About now you’re expecting a story of how everything went so smoothly, we’re now pushing out code ten times a day, but the reality is quite different.
For organizations that have amassed large sums of software complexity, taking a microservices approach is the first step toward DevOps and continuous improvement / development. Integrating system-level analysis with microservices makes it easier to change and add functionality to applications at any time without the increase of risk. Before you start big transformation projects or a cloud migration, make sure these changes won’t take down your entire organization.
21st International Cloud Expo, taking place October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Me...
Microservices are increasingly used in the development world as developers work to create larger, more complex applications that are better developed and managed as a combination of smaller services that work cohesively together for larger, application-wide functionality. Tools such as Service Fabric are rising to meet the need to think about and build apps using a piece-by-piece methodology that is, frankly, less mind-boggling than considering the whole of the application at once. Today, we'll ...
Cloud Expo, Inc. has announced today that Andi Mann and Aruna Ravichandran have been named Co-Chairs of @DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo Silicon Valley which will take place Oct. 31-Nov. 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. "DevOps is at the intersection of technology and business-optimizing tools, organizations and processes to bring measurable improvements in productivity and profitability," said Aruna Ravichandran, vice president, DevOps product and solutions marketing...
In his session at Cloud Expo, Alan Winters, an entertainment executive/TV producer turned serial entrepreneur, presented a success story of an entrepreneur who has both suffered through and benefited from offshore development across multiple businesses: The smart choice, or how to select the right offshore development partner Warning signs, or how to minimize chances of making the wrong choice Collaboration, or how to establish the most effective work processes Budget control, or how to ma...