|By Terell Jones||
|September 2, 2012 12:00 PM EDT||
I have been asked to moderate a cloud computing discussion at Green Gov 2012. The title of the session is “Cloud Computing: The Next Generation of Computing and Sustainable IT”. It is a great honor to be selected to participate as moderator. I believe this is my second go around. As National Director of Cloud Services with Core BTS, Inc. it is my job to articulate the value of cloud computing. I have been pondering the title a bit and for me to actually discuss the next generation of Cloud, we have to identify the current situation. The cloud has gone way beyond Google Mail and SalesForce (CRM), into other areas like Cloud Security, Cloud Storage, and Cloud Back Up. Furthermore, we actually must define our idea of cloud computing and sustainable IT. Not everyone is on the same page.
What Is Cloud Computing?
NIST defines cloud computing as a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. My own definition is slightly to the point, I consider cloud computing as Information Technology as a Utility Service. To be clear, I find Cloud Computing no different than Managed Services. It doesn’t matter if you utilize software as a service, platform as a service, or infrastructure as a service, the idea is to treat IT as a utility service to save overall costs.
What Is Sustainable IT?
I define Sustainable IT as energy efficient computing from the desktop to the data center, from hardware to software, from the network to the virtual cloud. Today I will focus mainly on Cloud Computing. For all intents and purposes, Cloud Computing is Sustainable IT. How can I say that? It’s simple math. Cloud computing, done right, can save an organization 50% to 80% in TCO. The timing could not be better. With a struggling economy, corporations are looking for ways to cut costs. When you get past the internal politics, the cloud hype cycle, and take a deep dive into the total cost of running an IT shop, you will be enlightened.
A very unique thing has occurred in the past 4 years with Sustainability and IT. CEO’s and CFO’s have been getting involved with IT budgets. The server sprawl and data center energy costs have become a major factor in the cost of doing business. A big mistake C-Level execs make is the fuzzy math used to calculate TCO for the enterprise. There is a strong tendency to calculate hardware and software costs only. To get the accurate TCO, you must take into consideration the following items:
- Power & Cooling
When all is said and done, you may pay only a third of the cost of running your own IT shop. A classic example is Google saving the General Services Administration (GSA) $15M over a five year period. GSA had 17,000 employees using Lotus Notes. Imagine the upgrade path if they did not consider going with Gmail. That would be a logistical nightmare. They would have to have several skill sets that are, most likely, obsolete. Never the less, they managed to cut their budget in half for email across the entire agency. Because the new technology Google offers, they were able to integrate video chat, and document-sharing capabilities, as well as, mobile devices. The USDA reduced it’s per user cost for email from $150 to $100. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) cut it’s per user cost for email from $300 to $100.
Just with email we start to see significant savings in the cloud. So what next?
Next Generation Cloud Computing
We are currently seeing industry specific applications going to the cloud. Cloud commoditization is creeping up and down the stack, into different industries, causing a great deal of collaboration. Forrester Research predicts all cloud markets will continue to grow, and the total cloud market will reach about $61B by the end of 2012. With this continual increase in cloud usage, we will run unto cloud sprawl. This has gotten me excited with my position here at Core BTS. We specialize in two key areas that every organization on the planet will need to meet compliance. One being security the other being disaster recovery. Cyber-attacks are a fact of life in the world of today. Natural disasters, terrorist attacks, and system failures are common place.
What are the biggest predictions for information security? We will need more. Just think about all the areas which prompt a call to action: cloud sprawl, mobile devices, social media, malware, wireless. Information Security is no longer a niche market, it is a must have. It has to go main stream because the market demands it. Larger organizations will purchase boutique firms to shore up their share of the market. We partner with Trustwave. Trustwave allows us to offer a four compelling solutions:
- Managed Security Services
- Unified Security
Just to keep up with compliance is a monumental task. Our partnership allows us to help our clients with a strong strategy to address your regulatory requirements, such as PCI, HIPAA, SOX, GLBA, FISMA, ISO, and DLP. The demand for Information Security Governance has prompted a document called 20 Critical Security Controls for Effective Cyber Defense: Consensus Audit Guideline. This guideline alone should be all the more reason to put your security in the cloud. The cost to manage information security and the following 20 Critical Security Controls is staggering. You would need specialized hardware, software, people, and infrastructure.
- Critical Control 1: Inventory of Authorized and Unauthorized Devices
- Critical Control 2: Inventory of Authorized and Unauthorized Software
- Critical Control 3: Secure Configurations for Hardware and Software on Laptops, Workstations, and Servers
- Critical Control 4: Continuous Vulnerability Assessment and Remediation
- Critical Control 5: Malware Defenses
- Critical Control 6: Application Software Security
- Critical Control 7: Wireless Device Control
- Critical Control 8: Data Recovery Capability
- Critical Control 9: Security Skills Assessment and Appropriate Training to Fill Gaps
- Critical Control 10: Secure Configurations for Network Devices such as Firewalls, Routers, and Switches
- Critical Control 11: Limitation and Control of Network Ports, Protocols, and Services
- Critical Control 12: Controlled Use of Administrative Privileges
- Critical Control 13: Boundary Defense
- Critical Control 14: Maintenance, Monitoring, and Analysis of Security Audit Logs
- Critical Control 15: Controlled Access Based on the Need to Know
- Critical Control 16: Account Monitoring and Control
- Critical Control 17: Data Loss Prevention
- Critical Control 18: Incident Response Capability
- Critical Control 19: Secure Network Engineering
- Critical Control 20: Penetration Tests and Red Team Exercises
According to National Defense Magazine, we may be on the verge of a cyber-war in 2012. There have been numerous, almost daily, reports about China and other adversaries penetrating U.S. networks. Indeed, cyber security has been gaining lots of media attention. Targeted, zero day attacks will be the norm. Cybercriminals will adapt to the new cloud based protections looking for new ways to exploit networks. It’s a never ending battle. Smartphones will be a target, simply because it’s connected. Rogue Android and iPhone apps are just the beginning. Cyber Security is here to stay.
Cloud Back Up & Disaster Recovery
If you have sat around a computer in a corporate atmosphere as long as I have, chances are you have suffered panic or frustration with systems going down. Wondering whether you lost customer information, or whether that draft document you were working on was saved. It doesn’t have to be an event brought on by Mother Nature, it can be something simple like a server crashing. Disaster Recovery is changing to adapt to the overall changes in IT. IT as a commodity is fast becoming the de facto standard. So merely backing up data is not enough, we need to secure it and make it readily available. We also have to do that in the most secure effective way. In the past, DR was a very costly measure to keep systems up and running. We had to duplicate existing hardware, which is costly. We had to test that the DR plan, which was time consuming.
Our partnership with EVault helps us help our clients back up data to the DR site without violating standards for privacy and security. The HIPAA regulations regarding the security of digitally stored information are complex and difficult to follow. Outsourcing this function to the cloud helps you meet compliance, while saving on cost.
In summary, the next generation of cloud computing will be the increase in clouds for vertical markets, increase in cloud services up and down the stack, and the market demand for Cloud Security and Cloud Disaster Recovery.
Is your application too difficult to manage? Do changes take dozens of developers hundreds of hours to execute, and frequently result in downtime across all your site’s functions? It sounds like you have a monolith! A monolith is one of the three main software architectures that define most applications. Whether you’ve intentionally set out to create a monolith or not, it’s worth at least weighing the pros and cons of the different architectural approaches and deciding which one makes the most s...
Apr. 29, 2017 07:45 PM EDT Reads: 2,993
A Man in the Middle attack, or MITM, is a situation wherein a malicious entity can read/write data that is being transmitted between two or more systems (in most cases, between you and the website that you are surfing). MITMs are common in China, thanks to the “Great Cannon.” The “Great Cannon” is slightly different from the “The Great Firewall.” The firewall monitors web traffic moving in and out of China and blocks prohibited content. The Great Cannon, on the other hand, acts as a man in the...
Apr. 29, 2017 06:00 PM EDT Reads: 509
Enterprise architects are increasingly adopting multi-cloud strategies as they seek to utilize existing data center assets, leverage the advantages of cloud computing and avoid cloud vendor lock-in. This requires a globally aware traffic management strategy that can monitor infrastructure health across data centers and end-user experience globally, while responding to control changes and system specification at the speed of today’s DevOps teams. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Josh Gray, Chie...
Apr. 29, 2017 10:45 AM EDT Reads: 3,581
Cloud Expo, Inc. has announced today that Aruna Ravichandran, vice president of DevOps Product and Solutions Marketing at CA Technologies, has been named co-conference chair of DevOps at Cloud Expo 2017. The @DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo New York will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, and @DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo Silicon Valley will take place Oct. 31-Nov. 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Apr. 29, 2017 10:45 AM EDT Reads: 2,881
Cloud promises the agility required by today’s digital businesses. As organizations adopt cloud based infrastructures and services, their IT resources become increasingly dynamic and hybrid in nature. Managing these require modern IT operations and tools. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Raj Sundaram, Senior Principal Product Manager at CA Technologies, will discuss how to modernize your IT operations in order to proactively manage your hybrid cloud and IT environments. He will be sharing be...
Apr. 29, 2017 09:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,035
When you decide to launch a startup company, business advisors, counselors, bankers and armchair know-it-alls will tell you that the first thing you need to do is get funding. While there is some validity to that boilerplate piece of wisdom, the availability of and need for startup funding has gone through a dramatic transformation over the past decade, and the next few years will see even more of a shift. A perfect storm of events is causing this seismic shift. On the macroeconomic side this ...
Apr. 29, 2017 07:45 AM EDT Reads: 682
To more closely examine the variety of ways in which IT departments around the world are integrating cloud services, and the effect hybrid IT has had on their organizations and IT job roles, SolarWinds recently released the SolarWinds IT Trends Report 2017: Portrait of a Hybrid Organization. This annual study consists of survey-based research that explores significant trends, developments, and movements related to and directly affecting IT and IT professionals.
Apr. 29, 2017 05:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,912
NHK, Japan Broadcasting, will feature the upcoming @ThingsExpo Silicon Valley in a special 'Internet of Things' and smart technology documentary that will be filmed on the expo floor between November 3 to 5, 2015, in Santa Clara. NHK is the sole public TV network in Japan equivalent to the BBC in the UK and the largest in Asia with many award-winning science and technology programs. Japanese TV is producing a documentary about IoT and Smart technology and will be covering @ThingsExpo Silicon Val...
Apr. 29, 2017 02:30 AM EDT Reads: 9,426
This recent research on cloud computing from the Register delves a little deeper than many of the "We're all adopting cloud!" surveys we've seen. They found that meaningful cloud adoption and the idea of the cloud-first enterprise are still not reality for many businesses. The Register's stats also show a more gradual cloud deployment trend over the past five years, not any sort of explosion. One important takeaway is that coherence across internal and external clouds is essential for IT right n...
Apr. 28, 2017 05:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,958
Back in February of 2017, Andrew Clay Schafer of Pivotal tweeted the following: “seriously tho, the whole software industry is stuck on deployment when we desperately need architecture and telemetry.” Intrigue in a 140 characters. For me, I hear Andrew saying, “we’re jumping to step 5 before we’ve successfully completed steps 1-4.”
Apr. 28, 2017 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,966
In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Scott Davis, CTO of Embotics, will discuss how automation can provide the dynamic management required to cost-effectively deliver microservices and container solutions at scale. He will discuss how flexible automation is the key to effectively bridging and seamlessly coordinating both IT and developer needs for component orchestration across disparate clouds – an increasingly important requirement at today’s multi-cloud enterprise.
Apr. 28, 2017 06:00 AM EDT Reads: 4,474
Keeping pace with advancements in software delivery processes and tooling is taxing even for the most proficient organizations. Point tools, platforms, open source and the increasing adoption of private and public cloud services requires strong engineering rigor – all in the face of developer demands to use the tools of choice. As Agile has settled in as a mainstream practice, now DevOps has emerged as the next wave to improve software delivery speed and output. To make DevOps work, organization...
Apr. 28, 2017 01:15 AM EDT Reads: 9,247
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
Apr. 27, 2017 09:15 PM EDT Reads: 7,435
In large enterprises, environment provisioning and server provisioning account for a significant portion of the operations team's time. This often leaves users frustrated while they wait for these services. For instance, server provisioning can take several days and sometimes even weeks. At the same time, digital transformation means the need for server and environment provisioning is constantly growing. Organizations are adopting agile methodologies and software teams are increasing the speed ...
Apr. 27, 2017 08:30 PM EDT Reads: 3,512
Developers want to create better apps faster. Static clouds are giving way to scalable systems, with dynamic resource allocation and application monitoring. You won't hear that chant from users on any picket line, but helping developers to create better apps faster is the mission of Lee Atchison, principal cloud architect and advocate at New Relic Inc., based in San Francisco. His singular job is to understand and drive the industry in the areas of cloud architecture, microservices, scalability ...
Apr. 27, 2017 03:00 PM EDT Reads: 3,719
In his general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Manish Dixit, VP of Product and Engineering at Dice, discussed how Dice leverages data insights and tools to help both tech professionals and recruiters better understand how skills relate to each other and which skills are in high demand using interactive visualizations and salary indicator tools to maximize earning potential. Manish Dixit is VP of Product and Engineering at Dice. As the leader of the Product, Engineering and Data Sciences team at D...
Apr. 27, 2017 03:15 AM EDT Reads: 6,229
Software as a service (SaaS), one of the earliest and most successful cloud services, has reached mainstream status. According to Cisco, by 2019 more than four-fifths (83 percent) of all data center traffic will be based in the cloud, up from 65 percent today. The majority of this traffic will be applications. Businesses of all sizes are adopting a variety of SaaS-based services – everything from collaboration tools to mission-critical commerce-oriented applications. The rise in SaaS usage has m...
Apr. 22, 2017 06:15 PM EDT Reads: 5,071
The proper isolation of resources is essential for multi-tenant environments. The traditional approach to isolate resources is, however, rather heavyweight. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Igor Drobiazko, co-founder of elastic.io, drew upon his own experience with operating a Docker container-based infrastructure on a large scale and present a lightweight solution for resource isolation using microservices. He also discussed the implementation of microservices in data and application integrat...
Apr. 22, 2017 05:45 AM EDT Reads: 6,475
We'd all like to fulfill that "find a job you love and you'll never work a day in your life" cliché. But in reality, every job (even if it's our dream job) comes with its downsides. For you, the constant fight against shadow IT might get on your last nerves. For your developer coworkers, infrastructure management is the roadblock that stands in the way of focusing on coding. As you watch more and more applications and processes move to the cloud, technology is coming to developers' rescue-most r...
Apr. 22, 2017 04:00 AM EDT Reads: 4,248
2016 has been an amazing year for Docker and the container industry. We had 3 major releases of Docker engine this year , and tremendous increase in usage. The community has been following along and contributing amazing Docker resources to help you learn and get hands-on experience. Here’s some of the top read and viewed content for the year. Of course releases are always really popular, particularly when they fit requests we had from the community.
Apr. 22, 2017 03:45 AM EDT Reads: 3,788