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Planning a Project – The TOGAF Way

Stakeholder analysis

Define requirement
[Phase B to Phase D]

The following table indicates what TOGAF means when it talks about different types of architecture:

Business Architecture The business strategy, governance, organization, and key business processes.
Data Architecture The structure of an organization’s logical and physical data assets and data management resources.
Application Architecture A blueprint for the individual application systems to be deployed, their interactions, and their relationships to the core business processes of the organization.
Technology Architecture The software and hardware capabilities that are required to support the deployment of business, data, and application services. This includes IT infrastructure, middleware, networks, communications, processing, and standards.

In this step you need to define, in these four dimensions, where you are (baseline), where you want to be (target) and what the gap is.

Select solution and make implementation plan
[Phase E & Phase F]

This is where you get into specific – select the actual technology – decide on make vs. buy. Here, you group requirements into specific projects, access priorities, identify dependencies and prepare the project plan. You also need to ensure that your plan is in sync with other organizational initiatives. You also will do a cost-benefit analysis of individual projects.

Stakeholders
Identifying the stakeholders, explaining to them what you are planning to achieve and getting their buy-in is a critical theme which runs across these phases. It is somewhat like the saying that “justice should only be done but should appear to be done”. You should not only plan to create a more efficient organization but everybody who matters should be convinced about it.

To achieve this you need to do the following:

  • Know who the stakeholders are
  • Understand their concerns
  • Identify how your solution is going to address their concerns
  • Create suitable documents which will explain the specific aspect of the solution that is of interest to the stakeholder – in TOGAF term it is called “Selecting a Viewpoint

We will examine Viewpoint in more detail in subsequent post.

TOGAF recommends a technique for stakeholder analysis where you produce a document like this:

Stakeholder Group Stakeholder Ability to Disrupt the Change Current Understanding Required Understanding Current Commitment Required Commitment Required Support
CIO Smith

H

M

H

L

M

H

CFO Brown

M

M

M

L

M

M

This analysis can be extremely useful. Unfortunately, this document cannot be shared – it has to be kept away from all the stakeholders. If you are an external consultant it may be easier to maintain the secracy.

In the next post I will get into more detail of how you go about defining requirement, what techniques it recomends and how much flexibility you have remaining within the TOGAF framework. I will also follow this up with more details on each individual phases.

More Stories By Udayan Banerjee

Udayan Banerjee is CTO at NIIT Technologies Ltd, an IT industry veteran with more than 30 years' experience. He blogs at http://setandbma.wordpress.com.
The blog focuses on emerging technologies like cloud computing, mobile computing, social media aka web 2.0 etc. It also contains stuff about agile methodology and trends in architecture. It is a world view seen through the lens of a software service provider based out of Bangalore and serving clients across the world. The focus is mostly on...

  • Keep the hype out and project a realistic picture
  • Uncover trends not very apparent
  • Draw conclusion from real life experience
  • Point out fallacy & discrepancy when I see them
  • Talk about trends which I find interesting
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