Welcome!

Microservices Expo Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, Don MacVittie, Derek Weeks

Related Topics: Microservices Expo, Java IoT

Microservices Expo: Article

Developers Think Functionality

But less about scalability

Two weeks ago I co-hosted a Webinar with one of our users – Bill Mar, Director of Engineering Services from SmithMicro Software. SmithMicro provides the backbone of our digital life by connecting different digital devices together. In his role, Bill works in the Wireless Business unit working on Voice-related services, e.g.: VoiceSMS or Visual Voicemail – services that we’ve all become used to since we run around with smart phones such as the iPhone or Blackberry.

Bill talked about how SmithMicro had to move towards Proactive Performance Management as the company and the user base started to grow. In his presentation he made an interesting but bold statement: Developers Think Functionality – But Less About Scalability.

As I used to be a developer for many years (and still today, as dynaTrace still allows me to do a little coding on certain features) I had to think about this statement and didn’t know in the beginning whether I should agree with him from the perspective of my current role within dynaTrace or whether I should be offended from the perspective of a developer who just likes to code new features. In the end I agreed with him – especially after listening to all he had to say about his day-to-day challenges as Director of Engineering Services.

In the webinar Bill gave some great insight into what they did in order to become more proactive with performance management. He shared recommendations and their Best Practices that have worked for his team. He really told some great stories and had some great analogies. The bold statement I mentioned in the beginning is just a teaser :-)

Problems came with growing business success

Business success is a great thing, and is what every company is designed to achieve. More active users mean more money spent on the products or services you sell. If you provide Software as a Service – such as SmithMicro does – and you start with a rather small user base you don’t necessarily run into any software related issues right away. SmithMicro started realizing some certain usage peaks during the year – like during the holiday season or New Years when people send their Best Wishes to friends and family using their digital services. With their growing success, however, more volume related issues bubbled up to the surface. It was rather easy to find the initial load related problems by digesting log files and looking at exception stack traces. Even though this process took a certain amount of time it was still fast enough to react to problems that came in from a rather small user-base.

Problems happen faster if you drive faster

When driving 100 miles an hour you have much less time to react in order to avoid a fatal crash then when driving at 10 miles an hour. The same is true with the online business. If you have 100 transactions an hour you may lose the business of a hundred users if it takes you an hour to fix a problem. If you have 100 transactions per second (TPS) you will lose a whole lot of money in one hour. Bill also faced this problem as they reached 100 TPS. Looking at log files and analyzing exception stack traces was no longer fast enough to react on problems in order to avoid losing business. There is a two way approach to this problem:
a) don’t allow code to end up in production that has potential scalability issues and
b) bring tools into production that allows Operations to react more pro-actively (early alerting system) and that equips Devs with all information they need without needing to analyze log-files.

Developers need to understand their code and the real use case scenarios

Bill mentioned several interesting things on that topic and started with another great analogy: The plan used to build a house is not the same as the plan it was built. In order to have a clear understanding of what is actually going on in the application it is important to have plans of “the real” architecture. It is hard and not always practical to maintain blueprints or class diagrams as software is very dynamic – and often changes happen because they have to happen and nobody thinks about updating the documentation. A Best Practice therefore is that developers and architects need to understand the current architecture as it is – and not how they think the architecture should exist.

SmithMicro uses dynaTrace Sequence Diagrams from Real-Life  Transactions instead of using manual maintained UML Diagrams

SmithMicro uses dynaTrace Sequence Diagrams from Real-Life Transactions instead of using manual maintained UML Diagrams

On the topic of scalability Bill talked about having an early focus on things like memory allocation, performance and scalability of critical components. Coming back to his initial bold statement about developers only focusing on functionality, he made it clear that functional readiness doesn’t necessarily mean Production Ready. With some longer-running local tests that test real use-case scenarios, developers can easily identify problems like excessive memory consumption or non-performing code using simple load generators and profiling-like tools. Scalability is a key requirement, and the understanding of real use cases used to verifying scalability is another Best Practice for proactive performance management.

SmithMicro looking at individual PurePaths captured under load to  identify scalability issues and performance bottlenecks

SmithMicro looking at individual PurePaths captured under load to identify scalability issues and performance bottlenecks

Operations needs early indicators and an understanding about how the the applications work

Not all problems can be avoided by being proactive in development. Therefore another Best Practice from SmithMicro is to give Operations all they need to become more proactive in identifying problems early on and also help them understand what to do in case there are problems on the horizon without having to call in the engineering side every time a dashboard indicates an issue.

Operations therefore needs early indicators such as trend changes in transaction response times, memory consumption, garbage collection activity, number and execution time of database queries. In order to capture this information the right set of tools need to be brought in – tools that must be very lightweight in order to avoid unnecessary overhead but that provide enough information for both operations and developers to analyze problems that occur. Traditional monitoring tools that only monitor certain silos of the application stack, e.g. web server, app server, network, database – only help to identify problematic regions. In order for Operations to understand a problem and in order for developers to identify the root cause it is important to get End-to-End transactional tracing with the ability to view this data at a high-level as well as in-depth.
A high-level view provides Operations with enough data to identify performance trends and hotspots in their application infrastructure.

High-Level Operations Memory Dashboard used to identify trends in  Memory Allocations, Usage and Garbage Collection Activity

High-Level Operations Memory Dashboard used to identify trends in Memory Allocations, Usage and Garbage Collection Activity

The In-Depth view on the same collected data provides developers with enough method and component-level data for problem analysis without having to digest log files and stack traces:

Low Level Database Dashboard shows Database Activity as well as  individual SQL Statements and their Bind Variables

Low Level Database Dashboard shows Database Activity as well as individual SQL Statements and their Bind Variables

Developers tend to be curious and often try things that they shouldn’t: The goal for Bill is that Operations can do a better job in being proactive and not needing to call in developers every time a dashboard shows RED. With such early indicators and a better understanding about the application and it’s dependencies to all its involved components Operations can solve many of the production problems on their own. The problem they often ran into was that developers were rather “relaxed” when troubleshooting problems in production – often causing more problems than the problems they were working on.
As Bill said: If you don’t know it’s gonna work – you shouldn’t try it”. In order to prevent this situation it is important for SmithMicro to extract all information required by developers from the production system to help developers to understand what is going on without them needing to “mess with the real world” (I am still not offended by those comments :-) )

Where SmithMicro is heading?

The overall goal for Bill and his team is to become more pro-active when it comes to performance management. They want to enable Operations to become more self-sufficient by extending their knowledge about application internals and giving them early indicators of problems they can react to. They also want to make it easier for developers to understand what is really going on their application – especially spreading the knowledge in cross-functional teams.

Bill’s recommendations

At the end Bill gave his recommendations to all the rest of us out there.

  • Understand your use-case scenarios
    • What are your 5-15 main use case scenarios
    • Model these use case scenarios and monitor them
    • By doing this you become proactive.
  • Developers
    • Understand how the application works and
    • Understand the real life requirements that come from operations
  • Operations
    • Understand the run-time behaviour of the application
    • Look at trending and early indicators
    • Have actionable data for developers
  • By following such a process you become more proactive, and ensure your Application is Ready for Production

Further Information

I really hope this summary blog of the webinar made you want to hear more about it and actually listen to the recorded webinar. Follow this link and listen to what Bill and I had to say about Proactive Performance Management. There is also some other stuff that you might be interested in, like The Practical Guide to Performance Management in Development (How we at dynaTrace do it internally), Best Practices from Zappos on Performance Management and Alois’s Blogs in his Performance Almanac.

Related reading:

  1. Best Practice Webinar on Proactive Application Performance with Smith Micro on April 28th Besides blogging and speaking at conferences I often get the...
  2. Performance vs. Scalability When people talk about performance and scalability they very often...
  3. Week 6 – How to Make Developers Write Performance Tests I had an interesting conversation with our Test Automation team...
  4. Performance Antipatterns – Part 1 Last year december I gave a talkat DeVoxx on Performance...
  5. 5 Quick Steps to End-To-End Web Performance Visibility Web applications have evolved from the simple client-server structure of...

More Stories By Andreas Grabner

Andreas Grabner has been helping companies improve their application performance for 15+ years. He is a regular contributor within Web Performance and DevOps communities and a prolific speaker at user groups and conferences around the world. Reach him at @grabnerandi

@MicroservicesExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today that Synametrics Technologies will exhibit at SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Synametrics Technologies is a privately held company based in Plainsboro, New Jersey that has been providing solutions for the developer community since 1997. Based on the success of its initial product offerings such as WinSQL, Xeams, SynaMan and Syncrify, Synametrics continues to create and hone inn...
DevOps promotes continuous improvement through a culture of collaboration. But in real terms, how do you: Integrate activities across diverse teams and services? Make objective decisions with system-wide visibility? Use feedback loops to enable learning and improvement? With technology insights and real-world examples, in his general session at @DevOpsSummit, at 21st Cloud Expo, Andi Mann, Chief Technology Advocate at Splunk, explored how leading organizations use data-driven DevOps to close th...
As many know, the first generation of Cloud Management Platform (CMP) solutions were designed for managing virtual infrastructure (IaaS) and traditional applications. But that's no longer enough to satisfy evolving and complex business requirements. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Scott Davis, Embotics CTO, explored how next-generation CMPs ensure organizations can manage cloud-native and microservice-based application architectures, while also facilitating agile DevOps methodology. He expla...
Our work, both with clients and with tools, has lead us to wonder how it is that organizations are handling compliance issues in the cloud. The big cloud vendors offer compliance for their infrastructure, but the shared responsibility model requires that you take certain steps to meet compliance requirements. Which lead us to start poking around a little more. We wanted to get a picture of what was available, and how it was being used. There is a lot of fluidity in this space, as in all things c...
There is a huge demand for responsive, real-time mobile and web experiences, but current architectural patterns do not easily accommodate applications that respond to events in real time. Common solutions using message queues or HTTP long-polling quickly lead to resiliency, scalability and development velocity challenges. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ryland Degnan, a Senior Software Engineer on the Netflix Edge Platform team, will discuss how by leveraging a reactive stream-based protocol,...
Admiral Calcote - also known as Lee Calcote (@lcalcote) or the Ginger Geek to his friends - gave a presentation entitled Characterizing and Contrasting Container Orchestrators at the 2016 All Day DevOps conference. Okay, he isn't really an admiral - nor does anyone call him that - but he used the title admiral to describe what container orchestrators do, relating it to an admiral directing a fleet of container ships. You could also say that they are like the conductor of an orchestra, directing...
Gaining visibility in today’s sprawling cloud infrastructure is complex and laborious, involving drilling down into tools offered by various cloud services providers. Enterprise IT organizations need smarter and effective tools at their disposal in order to address this pertinent problem. Gaining a 360 - degree view of the cloud costs requires collection and analysis of the cost data across all cloud infrastructures used inside an enterprise.
"I focus on what we are calling CAST Highlight, which is our SaaS application portfolio analysis tool. It is an extremely lightweight tool that can integrate with pretty much any build process right now," explained Andrew Siegmund, Application Migration Specialist for CAST, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The notion of improving operational efficiency is conspicuously absent from the healthcare debate - neither Obamacare nor the newly proposed GOP plan discusses the impact that a step-function improvement in efficiency could have on access to healthcare (through more capacity), quality of healthcare services (through reduced wait times for patients) or cost (through better utilization of scarce, expensive assets).
The goal of Microservices is to improve software delivery speed and increase system safety as scale increases. Microservices being modular these are faster to change and enables an evolutionary architecture where systems can change, as the business needs change. Microservices can scale elastically and by being service oriented can enable APIs natively. Microservices also reduce implementation and release cycle time and enables continuous delivery. This paper provides a logical overview of the Mi...
Some people are directors, managers, and administrators. Others are disrupters. Eddie Webb (@edwardawebb) is an IT Disrupter for Software Development Platforms at Liberty Mutual and was a presenter at the 2016 All Day DevOps conference. His talk, Organically DevOps: Building Quality and Security into the Software Supply Chain at Liberty Mutual, looked at Liberty Mutual's transformation to Continuous Integration, Continuous Delivery, and DevOps. For a large, heavily regulated industry, this task ...
"We started a Master of Science in business analytics - that's the hot topic. We serve the business community around San Francisco so we educate the working professionals and this is where they all want to be," explained Judy Lee, Associate Professor and Department Chair at Golden Gate University, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The past few years have seen a huge increase in the amount of critical IT services that companies outsource to SaaS/IaaS/PaaS providers, be it security, storage, monitoring, or operations. Of course, along with any outsourcing to a service provider comes a Service Level Agreement (SLA) to ensure that the vendor is held financially responsible for any lapses in their service which affect the customer’s end users, and ultimately, their bottom line. SLAs can be very tricky to manage for a number ...
In a recent post, titled “10 Surprising Facts About Cloud Computing and What It Really Is”, Zac Johnson highlighted some interesting facts about cloud computing in the SMB marketplace: Cloud Computing is up to 40 times more cost-effective for an SMB, compared to running its own IT system. 94% of SMBs have experienced security benefits in the cloud that they didn’t have with their on-premises service
The dynamic nature of the cloud means that change is a constant when it comes to modern cloud-based infrastructure. Delivering modern applications to end users, therefore, is a constantly shifting challenge. Delivery automation helps IT Ops teams ensure that apps are providing an optimal end user experience over hybrid-cloud and multi-cloud environments, no matter what the current state of the infrastructure is. To employ a delivery automation strategy that reflects your business rules, making r...
Modern software design has fundamentally changed how we manage applications, causing many to turn to containers as the new virtual machine for resource management. As container adoption grows beyond stateless applications to stateful workloads, the need for persistent storage is foundational - something customers routinely cite as a top pain point. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 21st Cloud Expo, Bill Borsari, Head of Systems Engineering at Datera, explored how organizations can reap the bene...
The past few years have brought a sea change in the way applications are architected, developed, and consumed—increasing both the complexity of testing and the business impact of software failures. How can software testing professionals keep pace with modern application delivery, given the trends that impact both architectures (cloud, microservices, and APIs) and processes (DevOps, agile, and continuous delivery)? This is where continuous testing comes in. D
Gone are the days when application development was the daunting task of the highly skilled developers backed with strong IT skills, low code application development has democratized app development and empowered a new generation of citizen developers. There was a time when app development was in the domain of people with complex coding and technical skills. We called these people by various names like programmers, coders, techies, and they usually worked in a world oblivious of the everyday pri...
The “Digital Era” is forcing us to engage with new methods to build, operate and maintain applications. This transformation also implies an evolution to more and more intelligent applications to better engage with the customers, while creating significant market differentiators. In both cases, the cloud has become a key enabler to embrace this digital revolution. So, moving to the cloud is no longer the question; the new questions are HOW and WHEN. To make this equation even more complex, most ...
Some journey to cloud on a mission, others, a deadline. Change management is useful when migrating to public, private or hybrid cloud environments in either case. For most, stakeholder engagement peaks during the planning and post migration phases of a project. Legacy engagements are fairly direct: projects follow a linear progression of activities (the “waterfall” approach) – change managers and application coders work from the same functional and technical requirements. Enablement and develo...