Welcome!

Microservices Expo Authors: Stackify Blog, Pat Romanski, AppDynamics Blog, Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White

Related Topics: Microservices Expo

Microservices Expo: Blog Feed Post

Grafting Mule Endpoints

As an integration framework, Mule ESB exposes all its moving parts

In Mule ESB, outbound dispatching to a destination whose address is known at runtime only is a pretty trivial endeavor. A less frequent practice consists in programmatically defining inbound service endpoints.


I recently had to do such thing for a little side project I'm running where Mule is used as a frontal bus and load throttler in front of a R nodes exposed over RMI. The goal was to have a non-fixed number of file inbound endpoints defined in a simple properties file and declare them on a particular service during the initialization sequence of Mule.

As an integration framework, Mule ESB exposes all its moving parts and lets you configure them easily with its Spring-powered XML DSL: that's all we need to achieve the above goal.

Let's first look at the resulting service configuration:


As you can see the inbound router doesn't have any endpoint configured on it. This is where we will programmatically graft the file endpoints configured in an external properties file.

Before digging into the code used for this grafting operation, let's look at how the grafter itself is configured:


Unsurprisingly, we use a Spring configured POJO to perform the endpoints generation. Notice how the service and the file connector are referenced: instead of using names I'm directly referencing Mule configuration elements. Because Spring is used consistently being the scene, this kind of cross referencing is possible and the key to many advanced tricks!

Now take a deep breath and take a look at the code in charge of grafting the endpoints to the target service:


The important things to pay attention to are the following:
  • The class implements MuleContextAware in order to receive an instance of the MuleContext, which is the key to the gate of Mule's innermosts. Some might consider fetching this class from the connector object that gets injected in this class too: I personally find this less desirable for design reasons that I'll let Demeter explain.
  • The endpoint is bound to the desired connector by passing its name in the URI used to create it. This allows picking up the right connector, which is compulsory for any Mule configuration with more than one instance of a particular connector (file connectors in this case).
  • Endpoint specific configuration parameters, like moveToDirectory, are configured as extra URI parameters. You can also add other parameters, as key/value pairs: they will be automatically added to the message properties dispatched from this endpoint.
And voila, though you may never have to do this kind of things in your Mule ESB projects, you've gained some deeper experience into what a reasonably skilled gardener can do with this powerful platform.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By David Dossot

David Dossot has worked as a software engineer and architect for more than 14 years. He is a co-author of Mule in Action and is the project despot of the JCR Transport and a member of the Mule Community Committee. He is the project lead of NxBRE, an open source business rules engine for the .NET platform (selected for O'Reilly's Windows Developer Power Tools). He is also a judge for the Jolt Product Excellence Awards and has written several articles for SD Magazine. He holds a Production Systems Engineering Diploma from ESSTIN.

Microservices Articles
Docker is sweeping across startups and enterprises alike, changing the way we build and ship applications. It's the most prominent and widely known software container platform, and it's particularly useful for eliminating common challenges when collaborating on code (like the "it works on my machine" phenomenon that most devs know all too well). With Docker, you can run and manage apps side-by-side - in isolated containers - resulting in better compute density. It's something that many developer...
Skeuomorphism usually means retaining existing design cues in something new that doesn’t actually need them. However, the concept of skeuomorphism can be thought of as relating more broadly to applying existing patterns to new technologies that, in fact, cry out for new approaches. In his session at DevOps Summit, Gordon Haff, Senior Cloud Strategy Marketing and Evangelism Manager at Red Hat, discussed why containers should be paired with new architectural practices such as microservices rathe...
DevOps is under attack because developers don’t want to mess with infrastructure. They will happily own their code into production, but want to use platforms instead of raw automation. That’s changing the landscape that we understand as DevOps with both architecture concepts (CloudNative) and process redefinition (SRE). Rob Hirschfeld’s recent work in Kubernetes operations has led to the conclusion that containers and related platforms have changed the way we should be thinking about DevOps and...
With the rise of Docker, Kubernetes, and other container technologies, the growth of microservices has skyrocketed among dev teams looking to innovate on a faster release cycle. This has enabled teams to finally realize their DevOps goals to ship and iterate quickly in a continuous delivery model. Why containers are growing in popularity is no surprise — they’re extremely easy to spin up or down, but come with an unforeseen issue. However, without the right foresight, DevOps and IT teams may lo...
"There is a huge interest in Kubernetes. People are now starting to use Kubernetes and implement it," stated Sebastian Scheele, co-founder of Loodse, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at DevOps at 19th Cloud Expo, held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Mike Johnston, an infrastructure engineer at Supergiant.io, will discuss how to use Kubernetes to setup a SaaS infrastructure for your business. Mike Johnston is an infrastructure engineer at Supergiant.io with over 12 years of experience designing, deploying, and maintaining server and workstation infrastructure at all scales. He has experience with brick and mortar data centers as well as cloud providers like Digital Ocean, Amazon Web Services, and Rackspace....
Today most companies are adopting or evaluating container technology - Docker in particular - to speed up application deployment, drive down cost, ease management and make application delivery more flexible overall. As with most new architectures, this dream takes significant work to become a reality. Even when you do get your application componentized enough and packaged properly, there are still challenges for DevOps teams to making the shift to continuous delivery and achieving that reducti...
Modern software design has fundamentally changed how we manage applications, causing many to turn to containers as the new virtual machine for resource management. As container adoption grows beyond stateless applications to stateful workloads, the need for persistent storage is foundational - something customers routinely cite as a top pain point. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 21st Cloud Expo, Bill Borsari, Head of Systems Engineering at Datera, explored how organizations can reap the bene...
Is advanced scheduling in Kubernetes achievable?Yes, however, how do you properly accommodate every real-life scenario that a Kubernetes user might encounter? How do you leverage advanced scheduling techniques to shape and describe each scenario in easy-to-use rules and configurations? In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 21st Cloud Expo, Oleg Chunikhin, CTO at Kublr, answered these questions and demonstrated techniques for implementing advanced scheduling. For example, using spot instances and co...
In his general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Manish Dixit, VP of Product and Engineering at Dice, discussed how Dice leverages data insights and tools to help both tech professionals and recruiters better understand how skills relate to each other and which skills are in high demand using interactive visualizations and salary indicator tools to maximize earning potential. Manish Dixit is VP of Product and Engineering at Dice. As the leader of the Product, Engineering and Data Sciences team at D...